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Origins Available: English, Irish


In Ireland, the name Cox is generally derived from the Gaelic "Mac an Choiligh," which means "son of the cock or rooster;" the name was often Anglicized as Cox.

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The surname Cox was first found in County Roscommon (Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland in the province of Connacht, where they held a family seat from ancient times.

Scribes and church officials, lacking today's standardized spelling rules, recorded names by how they were pronounced. This imprecise guide often led to the misleading result of one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations of the surname Cox are preserved in documents of the family history. The various spellings of the name that were found include MacQuilly, McQuilly, MacQuilley, McQuilly, MacQuillie, McQuillie, Quilley, Quilly, Quillie, Cox, Coxe and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cox research. Another 221 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1558, 1650, 1675, 1733, 1770, and 1837 are included under the topic Early Cox History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cox Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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A massive wave of Irish immigrants hit North America during the 19th century. Although many early Irish immigrants made a carefully planned decision to leave left Ireland for the promise of free land, by the 1840s immigrants were fleeing a famine stricken land in desperation. The condition of Ireland during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s can be attributed to a rapidly expanding population and English imperial policies. Those Irish families that arrived in North America were essential to its rapid social, industrial, and economic development. Passenger and immigration lists have revealed a number of early Irish immigrants bearing the name Cox:

Cox Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Lasse Cox, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1627
  • Ann Cox, who arrived in Maryland in 1633
  • Anne Cox, who arrived in Maryland in 1633
  • Jon Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1634
  • Moses Cox, who landed in Hampton, NH in 1639
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Cox Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Susanna Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Justin Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1705
  • Tho Cox, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1712
  • T Cox, who landed in New England in 1733
  • John Cox, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1738
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Cox Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Cox, who arrived in America in 1804
  • Thomas Cox, who arrived in New York, NY in 1805
  • Edward Cox, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • Edward L Cox, aged 26, arrived in Massachusetts in 1812
  • Nancy Cox, who arrived in New York, NY in 1812
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Cox Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Thomas Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • William Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • William Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Eliza Cox, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ...

Cox Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Cox, aged 20, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • Catharine Cox, aged 18, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • Patrick Cox, who died on route to Grosse Isle Quebec where his death was registered in 1847
  • Andrew Cox, who arrived in Quebec in 1850

Cox Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Daniel Cox, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • Joseph Cox, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • Thomas Cox, Welsh convict from Brecon, Wales, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Cox, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • Thomas Cox, English convict from Northampton, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
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Cox Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • G Cox landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1814 aboard the ship Lady Nugent
  • James Cox, aged 38, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Ann Cox, aged 38, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Robert Cox, aged 10, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • James Cox, aged 8, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
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  • Brigadier-General Richard Ferguson Cox (1886-1964), American Commanding General Boston Harbor Defenses (1942-1944)
  • Brigadier-General Albert Lyman Cox (1883-1965), American Commanding General Washington Military (1942)
  • Daniel Rinald "Ronnie" Cox (b. 1938), American character actor, singer/songwriter, and guitarist
  • Joseph Cox, American Republican politician, Circuit Judge in Ohio 1st Circuit, 1885-99
  • Mrs. Joseph Cox, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Washington, 1956
  • Joseph A. Cox, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1952; Justice of New York Supreme Court 1st District, 1953
  • Joseph Harper Cox, American Democrat politician, Postmaster at Seaford, Delaware, 1934-54
  • Joseph L. Cox (1858-1912), American politician, Mayor of Battle Creek, Michigan, 1892
  • Kenneth Allen Cox (b. 1916), American Democrat politician, Member, Federal Communications Commission, 1963-70
  • Kenneth R. Cox, American politician, Mayor of Barberton, Ohio, 1967
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Cox Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. Samuel Alan Cox, British Writer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914
  • Miss Henrica Maria Cox (1884-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Fort Frances, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914

Halifax Explosion

  • Mrs. Florence  Cox (1875-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. John Lionel Cox (1919-1941), Australian Signalman from Huonville, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking
  • Mr. Harold William Cox (1920-1941), Australian Acting Leading Stoker from Uralla, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Stanley K Cox (b. 1920), English Leading Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Woking, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. Leslie L Cox (b. 1912), English Ordinary Coder serving for the Royal Navy from Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. John F Cox (b. 1917), English Wireman serving for the Royal Navy from Wimbledon, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. Cyril A Cox (b. 1917), Scottish Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Trelaw, Glasgow, Scotland, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. Arthur J Cox (b. 1922), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Reading, Berkshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. William Henry Cox, British Lead Steward, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. John Cox, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. Charles Henry Cox, British Stoker, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Master Desmond Francis Cox, Irish 2nd Class passenger residing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping on life boat 15 it is believed
  • Mrs. Margaret Elizabeth Cox, Irish 2nd Class passenger residing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping on life boat 15 it is believed

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. William Denton Cox (d. 1912), aged 29, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
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  • Ambrose N. Cox, Sr., Descendants, 1772-1972 by Elza B. Cox.
  • The Cox-Bates Family and Related Families by Ruby Cox Eddleman.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fide et fortitudine
Motto Translation: By fidelity and fortitude.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Heraldic Scroll and Map of Family names and Origins of Ireland. Dublin: Mullins. Print.
    2. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    3. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Ireland and Her People A Library of Irish Biography 5 Volumes. Chicago: Fitzgerald. Print.
    4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    6. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    7. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
    8. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    9. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    10. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    11. ...

    The Cox Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cox Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 23 July 2016 at 16:50.

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