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Carter History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English-Alt , English


The history of the Carter family begins with those Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain from whom the name springs. The surname Carter is thought to be derived from the Old English "craet," or the Old Norse "kartr," both meaning "cart," and was most likely first borne either by someone who built carts or by a transporter of goods. Alternatively, the name may be derived from the Old English "carda" or "carterius" meaning "guard."


Early Origins of the Carter family


The surname Carter was first found in Winchester, where the Carter family held a family seat from ancient times. The name first appeared on the tax records of the Middle Ages dating back to the years immediately after the Norman Conquest of 1066.

Early History of the Carter family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carter research.
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1086 and 1250 are included under the topic Early Carter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carter Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Carter, Carters and others.

Early Notables of the Carter family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Carter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Carter family to Ireland


Some of the Carter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 68 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Carter family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Carter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Christopher Carter, aged 45, who arrived in St Christopher in 1633 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Anto Carter, aged 22, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Barb Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1649 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Elizabeth Carter, who landed in Maryland in 1651 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • David Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1662 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Him Carter, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Eliza Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1724 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Charles Carter, who arrived in Mississippi in 1798 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Charles Carter, who was naturalized in Mississippi in 1798
  • Benjamin Carter, who landed in Mississippi in 1799 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Carter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Andrew Carter, who landed in America in 1818 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Mr. Carter, who landed in Mobile Ala in 1821 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Edith Ann Carter, who arrived in Baltimore in 1826
  • Alicia Carter, who arrived in Boston in 1849
  • Emma Carter, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Alexander Kirkland Carter, who arrived in Alabama in 1924 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Carter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Chris Carter, who immigrated to St. John's, Newfoundland in 1705 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Davd Jonathn Carter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Eliz Carter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Ann Carter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Charles Carter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Timothy Carter, aged 29, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • Mary Carter, aged 27, a his, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • Mary Carter Junior, aged 3 months, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • John Carter, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Bartley" in 1833
  • Sophia Carter, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Bartley" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Carter, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  • Benjamin Carter, a tailor, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Ellen Carter, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "America" on December 30, 1830, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1830 with 135 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1830
  • Crisp Harridge Carter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Hooghly.htm
  • Eliza Carter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
  • Miss Mary A. Carter, (b. 1860), aged 12, Cornish settler departing on 13th September 1872 aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" going to Bluff or Otago, New Zealand arriving in port on 5th December 1872 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Miss Catherine Carter, (b. 1858), aged 14, Cornish settler departing on 13th September 1872 aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" going to Bluff or Otago, New Zealand arriving in port on 5th December 1872 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf

Carter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • B Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1837
  • Charles Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Joseph Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Aurora
  • Joseph Carter, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Ann Carter, aged 27, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Carter (post 1700)


  • Donald J. Carter (1933-2018), American investor and businessman, founding owner of the NBA Dallas Mavericks
  • Valerie Carter (1953-2017), American singer-songwriter and back-up vocalist for Linda Ronstadt, Don Henley, Christopher Cross, Jackson Browne, The Outlaws and James Taylor
  • Jackie Carter (1953-2016), African-American children's book editor and author
  • William Lacy "Bill" Carter Jr. (1925-2017), American businessman and politician, Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives (1971-1974)
  • Myra Carter (1929-2016), American Drama Desk Award winning actress of stage, screen and television who won a Joe A. Callaway Award for her performance in King John
  • Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (1937-2014), American middleweight boxer who was wrongly convicted of murder, inspiration of the Bob Dylan song "Hurricane," and the 1999 film The Hurricane
  • Ty Michael Carter (1980-2013), United States Army staff sergeant who served in the War in Afghanistan, recipient of the Medal of Honor, on August 26, 2013
  • Keith Eyre Carter (1924-2013), American Olympic silver medalist swimmer at the 1948 Summer Olympics
  • Gary Edmund "Kid" Carter (1954-2012), American Major League Baseball catcher, inductee into the National Baseball Hall of Fame (2003)
  • Brigadier-General Ellerbe Winn Carter (1884-1972), American Commanding Officer Artillery 7th Division (1942-1943) [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Ellerbe Carter. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Carter/Ellerbe_Winn/USA.html
  • ... (Another 22 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Carter family



Arrow Air Flight 1285

  • Mr. Mark E Carter (b. 1963), American Sergeant from Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA who died in the crash [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  • Mr. Troy G Carter (b. 1944), American Captain from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  • Mr. Gregory Thomas Carter (b. 1966), American Private 1st Class from Covina, California, USA who died in the crash [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550

Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. Harold Hewitt Carter (1879-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html

Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. Alfred  Carter (1879-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Miss Clara  Carter (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Robert J W Carter (b. 1922), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Stanley Carter, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  • Mr. Robert Carter (b. 1917), English Ordinary Seaman from England, who sailed on the HMS Prince of Wales prior to its sinking [13]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  • Mr. Charles Carter, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Ralph Carter, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, but was listed as missing in action in 1941 [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. John Carter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. Kenneth Herbert Carter, British Able Seaman-Gunner, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

HMS Royal Oak

  • William Frederick Carter (1914-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Rowland William Hill Carter (1915-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Gordon William Carter (1919-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • John Carter (d. 1939), British Leading Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. James W. Carter (d. 1912), aged 46, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [16]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Father Ernest Courtenay Carter (d. 1912), aged 54, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [16]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Mrs. Lilian Carter (d. 1912), (née Hughes), aged 45, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [16]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Mrs. Lucile Carter, (née Polk), aged 36, American First Class passenger from Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 4 [16]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Master William Thornton II Carter, aged 11, American First Class passenger from Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 4 [16]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

USS Arizona

  • Mr. Edward J. Carter, American Platoon Sergeant working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking
  • Mr. Burton Lowell Carter, American Seaman Second Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking
  • Mr. Paxton Turner Carter, American Warrant Officer-Pay Clerk from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking

Suggested Readings for the name Carter


  • Brief History and Genealogy of the Carter and Some Allied Families by Lyle Carter.
  • The Carter and Fulcher Families by Jane Chapman.

Carter Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1830 with 135 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1830
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Hooghly.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  8. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Ellerbe Carter. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Carter/Ellerbe_Winn/USA.html
  9. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  10. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  11. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  16. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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