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Origins Available: English, Scottish


The origins of the Black surname date from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Their name originated with an early member who was a person associated with the color black. The name Black may have referred to someone with black hair or clothing, or to somone who worked in a profession such as chimney sweeping, which left its practitioners covered in soot.

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The surname Black was first found in Lincolnshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. It is said that the first family of Black were converted to Christianity by Paulinus, the head of the family being Prefect of Lincoln, about 628. They moved northward, however, and were well established in Scotland by 1175 A.D.

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Black has been recorded under many different variations, including Black, Blacke and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Black research. Another 339 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1756, 1760, 1778, 1797, 1854, and 1886 are included under the topic Early Black History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Black Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Black family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 150 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Black or a variant listed above:

Black Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Edward Black, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • Henry Black, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1645
  • Richard Black, who landed in New England in 1645
  • Daniel Black, who was banished to America, arriving in Boston in 1652
  • Jacke Black, who landed in Virginia in 1657
  • ...

Black Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Eliza Black, who landed in Virginia in 1702
  • Abraham Black, who settled in Virginia in 1713
  • Abraham Black, who landed in Virginia in 1713
  • Jacob Black, who came to New England in 1718
  • Thomas Black, who arrived in Virginia in 1740
  • ...

Black Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Margaret Black, who landed in America in 1805
  • Edward Black, who arrived in America in 1806
  • Hugh Black, who arrived in Allegany (ALlegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1807
  • William Black, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • W Black, who landed in New York, NY in 1812
  • ...

Black Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • William Black, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • William Black, who came to Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • William Black, aged 43, landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Mr. James Black U.E who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783
  • Mr. Jonathan Black U.E who settled in Augusta Township, Grenville County, Ontario c. 1783
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Black Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Walter Black, who arrived in Canada in 1821
  • Mary Anne Black, aged 4, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833
  • Matty Black, aged 1, landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833
  • Robert Black, aged 3, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833
  • Sibby Black, aged 45, landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833
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Black Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Black, a carpenter, arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Robert Black arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837
  • Elizabeth Black arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837
  • Elizabeth Ann Black arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837
  • Pat Black arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Trafalgar" in 1847
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Black Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Andrew Black landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Alexander Black landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • Andrew Black arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1863
  • Robert Black, aged 39, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Maori" in 1864
  • Ellen Black, aged 37, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Maori" in 1864
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  • Brigadier-General Garland Cuzorte Black (1894-1951), American Commandant Army Service Forces Training Center (1945-1946)
  • Brigadier-General Frederick Harry Black (1894-1986), American Commanding Officer Artillery 99th Division (1943-1945)
  • Eugene "Gene" Robert Black Sr. (1898-1992), President of the World Bank from 1949 to 1963 and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Karen Black (1939-2013), born Karen Blanche Ziegler, an American two-time Golden Globe winning and Academy Award nominated actress, screenwriter, singer and songwriter
  • Greene Vardiman Black (1836-1915), American dentist, pioneering professor of dentistry
  • James Black (1823-1893), American temperance leader
  • Hugo Lafayette Black (1886-1971), American judge
  • Neville Wyatt Black (1925-2016), New Zealand rugby union and rugby league player
  • Admiral Sir John Jeremy Black GBE, KCB, DSO, (1932-2015), British Royal Navy admiral, Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command from 1989 to 1991
  • Brigadier Dudley Kingdon Black (b. 1904), Chief Engineer, II Canadian Corps from 1944 to 1945
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Black Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Mrs. Rosina Black (1881-1914), née Leitch Canadian Second Class Passenger from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland on May 29th 1914
  • Mr. John Wilson Black (1875-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland on May 29th 1914

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. George Black, British Marine, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. William Black, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. James Joseph Black, English 1st Class Passenger from Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Alexander Black (d. 1912), aged 28, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Mr. D. Black (d. 1912), aged 41, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
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  • Black Family Record by Doris Louise Black.
  • Climbing Our Family Tree by Edith Black and Lois Jones.
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    3. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    4. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
    5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
    6. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    7. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
    8. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    9. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    10. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
    11. ...

    The Black Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Black Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 9 June 2016 at 22:40.

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