York History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name York is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in Yorkshire, the largest county in northern England, which is divided into three administrative ridings: North Riding, West Riding, and East Riding. The town of York was the military capital of Roman Britain, the capital of Northumbria, and was the seat of an Archbishop.

Yorkshire was also the home of the House of York, which was an English royal dynasty from 1461 to 1485. The reigning members of the House of York were Edward IV, Edward V and Richard III. Their rivalry with the House of Lancaster resulted in the Wars of the Roses, which lasted from 1455 to 1485 and ended when the Lancastrian Henry VII united the two houses by marrying Elizabeth, the daughter of Edward IV. The surname York belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Early Origins of the York family

The surname York was first found in Wiltshire where they were first listed at Carne, and soon after the Conquest branched to Fillack in Cornwall, and Wellington in Somerset. The church parish of Guilden Morden in Cambridgeshire has an interesting story about the family.

"The parish appears to have taken the affix to its name from the decoration of the steeple of its church with stripes of gilding. It is recorded that Charles Yorke, son of the first lord Hardwicke, died suddenly while the patent for raising him to the peerage by the title of Baron Morden, taken from this place, was in preparation." [1]

And in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire more early records were found of the family. The reader should note that Philip Yorke, 1st Baron Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1737 to 1756 was the first Earl of Hardwicke.

"This place, which is on the road from Royston to Huntingdon, is remarkable as the residence of the Earl of Hardwicke, whose magnificent seat of Wimpole Hall, splendidly embellished, and surrounded by a beautiful demesne, was visited by Her Majesty and Prince Albert in October 1843. The church, which has been enlarged by fitting up a private chapel with seats, contains various monuments to the Yorke family, including one to the memory of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke, who was interred here." [1]

One of the first records was William of York (d. 1256), Bishop of Salisbury. " In 1242 he was one of the king's two representatives sent to the parliament of 29 Jan. to ask for money and counsel for the French war, and when the king departed for Gascony he, the archbishop of York, and William de Cantelupe were entrusted with the custody of the realm. " [2]

Important Dates for the York family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our York research. Another 164 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1461, 1569, 1549, 1588, 1595, 1572, 1595, 1609, 1666, 1654, 1666, 1690, 1764, 1658, 1716, 1689, 1690, 1695, 1707, 1687, 1770, 1687, 1705 and 1711 are included under the topic Early York History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

York Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like York are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name York include: York, Yorke and others.

Early Notables of the York family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir John York or Yorke (died 1569?), an English merchant and politician, Master of the Mint, Sheriff of London in 1549 Rowland Yorke or York (d. 1588), was a soldier of fortune and is conjectured to have been one of the ten sons of Sir John York. "Being of an adventurous disposition, he volunteered for the Netherlands under Captain Thomas Morgan (d. 1595) in 1572. His heir was Edmund Yorke, who was executed at Tyburn in 1595 for attempting to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. " [2] William...
Another 91 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early York Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the York family to Ireland

Some of the York family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

York migration to the United States

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name York or a variant listed above:

York Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John York, who arrived in Barbados in 1635
  • James York and his wife Catherine, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Kat York, aged 19, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Thomas York, who arrived in Maryland in 1636 [3]
  • James York, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1647 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
York Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eliza York, who landed in Virginia in 1700 [3]
  • Tho York, who landed in Virginia in 1706 [3]
  • Matthew York, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • Esther York, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • Sarah York, who settled in Jamaica in 1722
York Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William York, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1836 [3]
  • John York, who landed in Mississippi in 1840 [3]
  • George York, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [3]
  • Levi York, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876 [3]

York migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

York Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Edward York, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • James York, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • James York, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1761
  • Private. Christian York U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [4]
  • Private. George York U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
York Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Robert S York, who landed in Canada in 1836
  • Susanna York, aged 21, who arrived in Montreal in 1849
  • William York, aged 5, who landed in Montreal in 1849
  • William York, aged 28, who arrived in Montreal in 1849
  • Mary Ann York, aged 1, who landed in Montreal in 1849
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

York migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

York Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

York migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

York Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas York, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841
  • Henry York, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • George York, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "John Masterman" in 1857
  • Mary Ann York, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Armstrong" in 1865
  • Mr. John York, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of India" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd June 1865 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name York (post 1700)

  • Alvin Cullum "Sergeant" York (1887-1964), American WWI hero, nicknamed Sergeant York, one of the most decorated American soldiers, recipient of the Medal of Honor
  • Francine York (1936-2017), born Francine Yerich, an American movie and television actress, known for her roles with Jerry Lewis, Marlon Brando, David Niven and Elvis Presley
  • John Foley York (b. 1946), American bassist and guitarist, best known for his work with The Byrds
  • John Joseph Robert York (b. 1958), American actor
  • Jerome Bailey "Jerry" York (1938-2010), American businessman, Chairman, President and CEO of Harwinton Capital, former CFO of IBM and Chrysler
  • Andrew York (b. 1958), American classical guitarist and composer
  • Richard Allen "Dick" York (1928-1992), American actor perhaps best remembered for his role as the first Darrin Stephens in the fantasy sitcom Bewitched [7]
  • Duke James W. York Jr. (b. 1939), American mathematical physicist
  • Herbert F York (1921-2009), American nuclear physicist
  • Robert M. York, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • ... (Another 47 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the York family

HMAS Sydney II
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William York, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Brantford, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [9]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Richard York. (Retrieved 2011, January 21) Richard York. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_York
  8. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  9. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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