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The ancestry of the name Winchester dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in the city of Winchester in Hampshire. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old English word ventaceaster, meaning the dweller at the Roman fort.

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The surname Winchester was first found in Hampshire where it is conjecturally believed that a Saxon Lord displaced in Hampshire moved north to Scotland and acquired lands in the county of Ayrshire and Lanarkshire.

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Winchester have been found, including Winchester, Wincester and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Winchester research. Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1495 and 1826 are included under the topic Early Winchester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Winchester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Winchester family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Winchester, or a variant listed above:

Winchester Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Jo Winchester, aged 19, arrived in New England in 1635
  • John Winchester, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
  • Alexander Winchester, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1636
  • John Winchester settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Richard Winchester, who arrived in New England in 1638
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Winchester Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Arthur Winchester, who landed in Virginia in 1719
  • William Winchester arrived in Maryland in 1732
  • William Winchester Sr. aged 79, arrived in Maryland in 1790

Winchester Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Winchester arrived in Baltimore Maryland in 1822

Winchester Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Charles Valentine Winchester, aged 39, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Trafalgar"
  • Charles Winchester arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Trafalgar" in 1849
  • Herbert Winchester, aged 15, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
  • Eliza Winchester, aged 19, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
  • Jane Winchester, aged 14, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
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Winchester Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Henry Petty Winchester landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Winchester, aged 36, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • Sarah H. Winchester, aged 35, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • Mary J. Winchester, aged 8, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • Hamilton Winchester arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
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  • James Ridout "Jesse" Winchester (1944-2014), American musician and songwriter
  • Scott Joseph Winchester (b. 1973), American former Major League Baseball player
  • Marcus C. Winchester, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 20th District, 1863-65
  • Marcus Brutus Winchester (1796-1856), American politician, Mayor of Memphis, Tennessee, 1827-29; Member of Tennessee State House of Representatives, 1851
  • L. W. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Gold Democrat National Convention from Illinois, 1896
  • Henry M. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Delaware at-large, 1950
  • Frank K. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1892
  • Charles M. Winchester, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 28th District, 1922
  • Charles A. Winchester, American Republican politician, Mayor of Springfield, Massachusetts, 1868-69
  • Boyd Winchester (1836-1923), American Democrat politician, Member of Kentucky State Senate, 1867-68; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 5th District, 1869-73; U.S. Minister to Switzerland, 1885-89
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Winchester Historic Events



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. William Winchester, British Warrant Mechanician, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
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  • John Winchester 161-1694, A Settler of New England, and One Line of his Descendants by George Rogers Presson.
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
    2. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    3. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
    4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    5. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    6. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    7. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    9. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    10. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    11. ...

    The Winchester Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Winchester Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 7 April 2016 at 15:42.

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