Winchester History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestry of the name Winchester dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in the city of Winchester in Hampshire. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old English word ventaceaster, meaning the dweller at the Roman fort.

Early Origins of the Winchester family

The surname Winchester was first found in Hampshire where it is conjecturally believed that a Saxon Lord displaced in Hampshire moved north to Scotland and acquired lands in the county of Ayrshire and Lanarkshire.

Early History of the Winchester family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Winchester research. Another 80 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1495, 1826, 1460, 1424, 1428 and 1435 are included under the topic Early Winchester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Winchester Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Winchester have been found, including Winchester, Wincester and others.

Early Notables of the Winchester family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: John of Winchester (d. 1460?), Bishop of Moray, who is said to have been an Englishman who ventured into Scotland in the retinue of James I on his return from England in 1424. "His name (though there are contemporary instances of it as a surname in Scotland) suggests that he may have been a priest...
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Winchester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Winchester family to Ireland

Some of the Winchester family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Winchester migration to the United States +

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Winchester, or a variant listed above:

Winchester Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jo Winchester, aged 19, who arrived in New England in 1635 [1]
  • John Winchester, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635 [1]
  • Alexander Winchester, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1636 [1]
  • John Winchester, who settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Richard Winchester, who arrived in New England in 1638 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Winchester Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Arthur Winchester, who landed in Virginia in 1719 [1]
  • William Winchester, who arrived in Maryland in 1732
  • William Winchester Sr. aged 79, who arrived in Maryland in 1790
Winchester Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Winchester, who arrived in Baltimore Maryland in 1822

Australia Winchester migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Winchester Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Charles Valentine Winchester, aged 39, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Trafalgar" [2]
  • Charles Winchester, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Trafalgar" in 1849 [2]
  • Herbert Winchester, aged 15, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
  • Eliza Winchester, aged 19, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
  • Jane Winchester, aged 14, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Punjab"
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Winchester migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Winchester Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Petty Winchester, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. William Thomas Winchester, (b. 1826), aged 32, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [3]
  • Mrs. Eliza Winchester, British settler travelling from London with 3 children aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [3]
  • Mr. Thomas Winchester, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Flying Mist" arriving in Bluff, South Island, New Zealand on 25th August 1862, the boat sank whilst waiting in port. [4]
  • James Winchester, aged 36, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Woodlark" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Winchester (post 1700) +

  • Susan Winchester, American Republican politician, Member of Oklahoma State House of Representatives 47th District; Elected 2002 [5]
  • Sheldon G. Winchester, American politician, Delegate to Iowa State Constitutional Convention 33rd District, 1857 [5]
  • Samuel G. Winchester, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Burlington; Elected 1896 [5]
  • Marcus C. Winchester, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 20th District, 1863-65 [5]
  • Marcus Brutus Winchester (1796-1856), American politician, Mayor of Memphis, Tennessee, 1827-29; Member of Tennessee State House of Representatives, 1851 [5]
  • L. W. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Gold Democrat National Convention from Illinois, 1896 [5]
  • Henry M. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Delaware at-large, 1950 [5]
  • Frank K. Winchester, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1892 [5]
  • Charles M. Winchester, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 28th District, 1922 [5]
  • Charles A. Winchester, American Republican politician, Mayor of Springfield, Massachusetts, 1868-69 [5]
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Cornwall
  • Kenneth Alderton Winchester (d. 1942), British Musician aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [6]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Winchester, British Warrant Mechanician, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [7]


Suggested Readings for the name Winchester +

  • 2052 "John Winchester 161-1694, A Settler of New England, and One Line of his Descendants" by George Rogers Presson.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The TRAFALGAR 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Trafalgar.htm
  3. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 26) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  6. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  7. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html


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