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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Underwood is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from a family once having lived in a forest, below a forest on a hillside, or in either of the settlements called Underwood in Derbyshire
. The surname Underwood belongs to both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.
The surname Underwood was first found in Derbyshire
at Underwood, a liberty, in the parish of Ashbourn, hundred
of Wirksworth. Underwood is also a hamlet, in the parish of Selston, union of Basford in Nottinghamshire
, but it it the former from where the family originated. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Literally the place names mean "place within or near a wood," from the Old English "under" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, we must look to Suffolk
for the first records of the surname for it is there in 1188 William de Underwode was found. A few years later in Yorkshire
, William Underwude de Clokton was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1219. William Under the Wode was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
in 1332. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 had two listings: John Underwode in Oxfordshire; and Hugh Underwod in Cambridgeshire
. Robertus Vndrewode was listed in a Latin form of then name in the Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Underwood has been recorded under many different variations, including Underwood, Underwoode and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Underwood research. Another 149 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1632 are included under the topic Early Underwood History in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
More information is included under the topic Early Underwood Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Underwood or a variant listed above:
Underwood Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- James Underwood settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
- Casander Underwood, who landed in Virginia in 1633
- Martin Underwood and his wife Martha settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1634
- Martin Underwood, aged 38, arrived in America in 1634
- Robert Underwood, aged 30, landed in Virginia in 1635
Underwood Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Samuel Underwood, who landed in Virginia in 1704
- James Underwood, who landed in Virginia in 1705
- Abraham Underwood, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
- Anthony Underwood, who arrived in New England in 1720
Underwood Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William Underwood, who landed in America in 1810
- Edwin Underwood, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1879
Underwood Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. John Underwood U.E. (b. 1747) born in Rhode Island, USA from Newport, Rhode Island, USA who settled in Shediac, Westmoreland County, New Brunswick c. 1783 passenger aboard the Union Transport was a Farmer, he died in 1848
- Mr. Alexander Underwood U.E. who settled in Didgequash, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he served in the 74th Highlanders
Underwood Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Michael Underwood arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
- William Underwood, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on March 6, 1848, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- Abraham Underwood, aged 31, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Lysander"
- Henry Underwood, aged 24, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Sultana"
- John Underwood, aged 21, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Oregon"
Underwood Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Thomas Underwood landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841 aboard the ship Mandarin
- Thomas Underwood arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Mandarin" in 1841
- Thomas Underwood landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship "Bolton"
- Jessie Underwood, aged 24, a cook, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Conflict" in 1874
- Adelaide Underwood, aged 18 months, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Conflict" in 1874
- George Underwood (1883-1943), American winner of an Olympic gold medal for athletics at the 1904 games
- James Holland "Jim" Underwood II (1946-2013), American politician who served in the Guam Legislature 1975-1984
- Blair Erwin Underwood (b. 1964), American television, film, and stage actor and director, best known for his role on the NBC legal drama L.A. Law
- Captain Gordon Waite Underwood (1910-1978), United States Navy Captain, recipient of the Navy Cross, eponym of the USS Underwood (FFG-36)
- Brittany Underwood (b. 1988), American actress from New Jersey, best known for her role on the daytime soap opera One Life to Live
- Horace Grant Underwood (1859-1916), American Presbyterian missionary, educator, and translator, brother of John Thomas Underwood
- John Thomas Underwood (1857-1937), American founder of Underwood Typewriters, New York City in 1895
- Ruth Underwood (b. 1946), American retired professional musician best known for her work in Frank Zappa's Mothers of Invention from 1967 to 1977
- General George Vernon Underwood (1913-1984), Commander in Chief, United States Southern Command (USCINCSO) from 1971 to 1973
- Captain Edmund Beardsley Underwood (1853-1928), acting-Governor of American Samoa from 1903 to 1905
Underwood Historic Events
- Mrs. Emma B Underwood, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Miss Margaret Underwood (1913-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mr. Benjamin Underwood (1890-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Miss Mildred Underwood (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mr. John Underwood (b. 1921), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Stretford, Lancashire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
- Mr. Harry Underwood, British Coder, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
- Isaac W. Underwood: His Ancestors and Descendants by Willie Bruce Underwood.
- The Underwood Families of America by Lucien Marcus Underwood.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto. Motto:
Omnes arbusta juvantMotto Translation:
Groves (Underwood) delight all men.
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
- MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
- Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
- Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
- Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
The Underwood Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Underwood Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 13 June 2016 at 15:32.
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