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Trevelyan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Trevelyan. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Trevelyan family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Trevelyan is a local type of surname and the Trevelyan family lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Trevelyan, in the parish of St. Veep.

Early Origins of the Trevelyan family


The surname Trevelyan was first found in Cornwall where this "Cornish family traced to Nicholas de Trevelyan living in the reign of Edward I, whose ancestors were of Trevelyan, in the parish of St. Velap, near Fowey, [in Cornwall] at a still earlier period." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
Another reference states "in 1273 Felicia, wife of William de Bodrugan, confirmed to Andrew, Trevelyan and Cumi and to Nicholas de Trevelyan her son." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Continuing, "Trevelien was [in] 1086 part of the great barony held by Offels from the Earl of Cornwall." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Little Shelford in Cambridgeshire was home to another branch of the family. "In the chancel of the church is a monument to Sir John de Treville, a Knight Templar, and lord of the manor, with his figure in a recumbent position: a skeleton encased in lead was dug up near the altar in 1824, the hair of it being in a perfect state." [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Early History of the Trevelyan family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trevelyan research.
Another 289 words (21 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trevelyan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Trevelyan Spelling Variations


Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Trevelyan, Trevelion, Trevelian, Trevillian and others.

Early Notables of the Trevelyan family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Trevelyan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Trevelyan family to the New World and Oceana


An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Trevelyan or a variant listed above:

Trevelyan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • George Hamilton Trevelyan, who was naturalized in California in 1898

Trevelyan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Trevelyan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Phoebe" in 1847 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHOEBE 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Phoebe.htm
  • George Trevelyan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Macedon" in 1849 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MACEDON 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Macedon.htm
  • Sarah Trevelyan, aged 18, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "South Sea"
  • Elizabeth Trevelyan, aged 26, a cook, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Confiance" [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 30th November 1858. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Confiance 1858. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/confiance1858.shtml.

Trevelyan Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Francis Trevelyan, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
  • Miss Agnes Trevelyan, (b. 1859), aged 18, Cornish servant departing on 29th September 1877 aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" going to Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 4th January 1878 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Mr. Francis Trevelyan, (b. 1857), aged 20, Cornish general labourer departing on 29th September 1877 aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" going to Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 4th January 1878 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Miss Harriet Trevelyan, (b. 1855), aged 22, Cornish general servant departing on 29th September 1877 aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" going to Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 4th January 1878 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  • Edmund Trevelyan, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Maraval" in 1880
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Trevelyan (post 1700)


  • George Macaulay Trevelyan (1876-1962), English historian
  • Julian Trevelyan (1910-1988), English Painter and Etcher
  • Sir George Otto Trevelyan (1838-1928), British historian and politician
  • Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan (1807-1886), British colonial administrator of India
  • Francis Trevelyan Buckland (1826-1880), English zoologist and natural historian

The Trevelyan Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tyme tryeth troth
Motto Translation: Time tests faith


Trevelyan Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHOEBE 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Phoebe.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MACEDON 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Macedon.htm
  6. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 30th November 1858. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Confiance 1858. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/confiance1858.shtml.
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf

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