England known as Cornwall. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Trengove is a local type of surname and the Trengove family lived in the village of Nanfan, in Cornwall. Members of the family were involved in the blacksmith trade and prior to the 18th century often went by the occupational name Trengove, from the Cornish words tren meaning strong, and angove, meaning smith. Many used the name Trengoff of Nance.
Early Origins of the Trengove family
Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times. The family name Trengove first appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Trengove family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trengove research.
Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1720, 1521, 1561, 1553, 1547 and 1547 are included under the topic Early Trengove History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Trengove Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Nance, Trengove, Trengoff, Trengrove and others.
Early Notables of the Trengove family (pre 1700)
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trengove Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trengove family to Ireland
Some of the Trengove family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trengove family to the New World and Oceana
An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Trengove:
Trengove Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Trengove Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Trengove Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
Trengove Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
Contemporary Notables of the name Trengove (post 1700)
Trengove Family Crest Products