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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Trenchard family come from? What is the English Trenchard family crest and coat of arms? When did the Trenchard family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Trenchard family history?

Trenchard is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a soldier. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word trenchire, meaning a swordsman, soldier, or man of war.

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A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Trenchard, Trancherd, Trencher, Trenchar and others.

First found in Dorset where they were granted the lands of Hordhill in the Isle of Wight by Baldwin de Ripariis to Paganus Trenchard and his heirs about 1100 A.D. The grandsons of Paganus, Robert, Alexander and Hugh Trenchard, witnessed the deed.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trenchard research. Another 265 words(19 lines of text) covering the years 1509, 1588, 1586, 1662, 1621, 1625, 1582, 1657, 1613, 1640 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Trenchard History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 99 words(7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trenchard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Trenchard or a variant listed above:

Trenchard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Hen Trenchard, who landed in Virginia in 1666
  • Attorney General George Trenchard settled in New Jersey in 1686

Trenchard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Joseph Trenchard, who arrived in New York in 1837

Trenchard Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Benjamin C. Trenchard was a fisherman of Bay Roberts, Newfoundland in 1860

Trenchard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Guy Trenchard, aged 19, a labourer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874

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  • Justice Thomas Whitaker Trenchard (1863-1942), American New Jersey Supreme Court Judge
  • Rear Admiral Stephen Decatur Trenchard (1818-1883), American naval officer
  • Herbert William Trenchard (1857-1934), English chess master
  • Hugh Montague Trenchard (1873-1956), British Chief of the Air Staff during World War I, created 1st Viscount Trenchard in 1936
  • Thomas Trenchard (1923-1987), 2nd Viscount Trenchard


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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Nosce Teipsum
Motto Translation: Know thyself.

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  1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  2. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  3. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  4. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  5. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  6. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  7. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  8. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  11. ...

The Trenchard Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Trenchard Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 September 2013 at 11:37.

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