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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Irish, Scottish


The Scottish Trayer surname is most likely a habitational name, taken on from a place name; perhaps from the Gaelic "Traill creek" which runs into Upper Loch Torridon.

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The surname Trayer was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England, formerly part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, where they were Lords of the Manor of Yielden and other estates in that shire as shown in the Domesday Book taken in the year 1086. Geoffrey de Traillgi, a knight at the Battle of Hastings, was an under-tenant of the Bishop of Coutances. He was originally from Trelly in the arrondisement of Manche, Coutances in Normandy. Geoffrey also held Teign, in Devon. The family joined the many Norman nobles who moved north into Scotland.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Trail, Traill, Trayle, Treil, Trelly, Teign, Pentrail, Traylor and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trayer research. Another 233 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1366, 1385, 1395, 1523, 1583, 1808, 1401, 1378 and 1380 are included under the topic Early Trayer History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 117 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trayer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Trayer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Robert Trayle, who came to Virginia in 1673; William Traill, who settled in Maryland in 1684; a Captain Traill, who settled in Boston in 1763; George Traill, who arrived in Boston in 1746.

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Discrimine salus
Motto Translation: Safety in danger.

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  1. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  2. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  4. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  5. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  6. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  8. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  11. ...

The Trayer Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Trayer Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 July 2013 at 14:08.

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