Tarlton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Tarlton family

The surname Tarlton was first found in Lancashire where the family were first found in the manor of Aigburth. Tarleton is a parish, in the union of Ormskirk, hundred of Leyland in Lancashire. "This place either gave its name to, or received its name from, an ancient family who had possessions here in the reign of Richard II." [1]

"The mention of the Tarleton family is interesting; in one way or another they were connected with Aigburth until the beginning of the nineteenth century, but the succession and connexion of the various Tarletons is not quite clear during the period." [2]

While there is no doubt of the origin of the name in this area, one of the first record of the name was Maien de Torleton who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Gloucestershire in 1204. More than one hundred years later, Gilbert de Tarleton was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire in 1332. [3]

Early History of the Tarlton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tarlton research. Another 64 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1588 and 1600 are included under the topic Early Tarlton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Tarlton Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Tarlton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Tarlton include: Tarleton, Tarlton and others.

Early Notables of the Tarlton family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Richard Tarlton or Tarleton (died 1588), an English actor of the Elizabethan era. He was the most famous...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tarlton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Tarlton family to Ireland

Some of the Tarlton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Tarlton migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Tarlton or a variant listed above:

Tarlton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Henry Tarlton, who settled in New England in 1671

Australia Tarlton migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Tarlton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss. Rebecca Tarlton, (b. 1764), aged 37, Irish convict who was convicted in Carlow, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1848 [4]

New Zealand Tarlton migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Tarlton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Tarlton, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Bosworth" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 24th November 1857 [5]
  • Mrs. Tarlton, British settler travelling from London, UK with 6 children aboard the ship "Bosworth" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 24th November 1857 [5]
  • Mr. Robert Tarlton, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Bosworth" arriving in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand on 24th November 1857 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Tarlton (post 1700) +

  • William Tarlton, American politician, Presidential Elector for New Hampshire, 1804 [6]
  • Thomas Y. Tarlton, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Summit Hill, Pennsylvania, 1923-34 [6]
  • L. P. Tarlton, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 1896 [6]
  • John Tarlton, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1860 [6]
  • B. D. Tarlton, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1952 [6]
  • Percy Tarlton Rayment FRZS (1882-1964), Australian artist, author, broadcaster, poet and naturalist
  • Tarlton Booker Jr., American Democratic Party politician, Candidate in primary for Texas State House of Representatives 22nd District, 1992 [7]


The Tarlton Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Post nubila phoebus
Motto Translation: After clouds, sunshine.


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ 'Townships: Scarisbrick', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1907), pp. 265-276. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol3/pp265-276 [accessed 21 January 2017].
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 27) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 12) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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