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The current generations of the Stirling family have inherited a surname that was first used hundreds of years ago by descendants of the ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The Stirling family lived in the town of Stirling in the county of the same name. Stirling was a royal residence from 1226.

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The surname Stirling was first found in Stirlingshire, where they held a family seat at Stirling from very early times, some say, well before the Norman Conquest. The name was anciently spelt Stryvelin, and one of the first references was of Gilbertus de Striuelin who witnessed the donation of Perdeyc by King David to the church of Glasgow in 1136 and Walter de Stryvelin witnessing a deed by Prince Henry, son of King David 1st of Scotland in the same year.

Peter de Striuelin was witness to the donation of the church of Karreden to the abbey of Hollyrood around 1158. Thomas de Stervlen was witness to a charter made by King Alexander II in 1224 and was Archdeacon of Glasgow in 1228. Sir Gilbert de Striuelyng witnessed legal proceedings in Aberdeen around 1250. Sir John Stirling of Moray swore fealty in 1291, and Andreu de Strivelyn and Henry de Strivelyn both swore an oath of allegiance to King Edward I of England during the latter's short conquest of Scotland in 1296. The Stirlings of Keir, where the Clan seat resides, claim to have an unbroken line of chiefs that stretches from 1160 to 1677. Sir Alexander de Strivelyn, the fifth Laird of Cadder died in 1304.

Scribes in the Middle Ages did not have access to a set of spelling rules. They spelled according to sound, the result was a great number of spelling variations. In various documents, Stirling has been spelled Stirling, Sterling, Sturling, Strivelynd and others.


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Stirling Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stirling research. Another 160 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1524, 1621, 1640, 1666, 1669, 1678, 1692, 1770, 1790, and 1878 are included under the topic Early Stirling History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Stirling Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stirling Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Stirling In Ireland



Some of the Stirling family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 154 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The cruelties suffered under the new government forced many to leave their ancient homeland for the freedom of the North American colonies. Those who arrived safely found land, freedom, and opportunity for the taking. These hardy settlers gave their strength and perseverance to the young nations that would become the United States and Canada. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the name Stirling:

Stirling Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • M. G. Stirling settled in New Hampshire in 1718
  • Robert Stirling, who landed in New England in 1727
  • Will Stirling, who arrived in Georgia in 1739
  • William Stirling, who landed in New York, NY in 1774
  • William Stirling with his wife and two children settled in New York State in 1774
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Stirling Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • David Stirling, who arrived in New York in 1810
  • Martha Stirling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811
  • Thomas Stirling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811
  • Charles Stirling, aged 15, landed in New York, NY in 1835
  • Hugh B Stirling, who arrived in Virginia in 1840
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Stirling Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Stirling settled in Harbour Grace in 1800
  • Edgar Stirling was a merchant of Brigus, Newfoundland in 1857
  • James Stirling was a fisherman of Bay of Islands, Newfoundland in 1871
  • Albert Stirling settled in English Harbour in 1871

Stirling Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Mary Stirling, Scottish convict from Perth, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Harriet Stirling arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Eden" in 1838
  • Charles Stirling arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839
  • Edward Stirling arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839
  • Robert Stirling arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Emily" in 1849
  • ...

Stirling Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Stirling landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
  • James Housten Stirling, aged 25, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • Jessie Stirling, aged 25, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • John Stirling, aged 2, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • James Grant Stirling, aged 5 months, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
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  • Gordon "Scotty" Stirling (1928-1929), American sports executive and a sportswriter
  • Stephen Michael Stirling (b. 1953), Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author
  • Linda Stirling (1921-1997), American showgirl, model, and actress
  • Thomas H. Stirling, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1924 (alternate), 1928, 1932 (alternate)
  • Thomas Stirling, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Wyoming, 1944
  • Iselle Stirling, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Wyoming, 1944
  • Hugh Stirling, American politician, Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1899-1901
  • Matthew Williams Stirling (1896-1975), American ethnologist and archaeologist
  • Colonel Sir Archibald David Stirling DSO, DFC, OBE (1915-1990), Scottish laird, mountaineer, World War II British Army officer, and the founder of the Special Air Service
  • Geoffrey William "Geoff" Stirling (1921-2013), Canadian businessman, owner of Stirling Communications International, inducted into the CAB Broadcast Hall of Fame in 2001
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Gang forward
Motto Translation: Go forward.

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Stirling Clan Badge
Stirling Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Stirling
Stairline, Stairling, Stairlink, Sterline, Sterling, Sterlink, Sterlline, Sterlling, Sterllink, Steuline, Steuling, Steulink, Stewline, Stewling, Stewlink, Stirine, Stiring, Stirink, Stirline, Stirling, Stirlink, Strifelan, Strifeland, Strifelane, Strifelant, Strifelen, Strifelend, Strifelent, Strifelind, Strifelint, Strifelyn, Strifelynd, Striffelan, Striffeland, Striffelane, Striffelant, Striffelen, Striffelend, Striffelent, Striffelind, Striffelint, Striffelyn, Striffelynd, Strivelan, Striveland, Strivelane, Strivelant, Strivelen, Strivelend, Strivelent and more.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
    2. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
    3. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
    5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    7. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    8. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
    9. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
    10. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    11. ...

    The Stirling Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Stirling Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 19 June 2016 at 12:20.

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