The Norman Conquest
in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Stakes family, who lived in Pembrokeshire
. Their name, however, is a reference to Stock,
near Caen, Normandy
, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
Early Origins of the Stakes family
The surname Stakes was first found in Pembrokeshire
where they held a family seat
from early times. One of the first records of the names was Saint Simon Stock (c.
1165-1265), an English saint who was probably born in Aylesford England
. In a vision, The Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to him and gave him the Carmelite habit, the Brown Scapular and promised that those who die wearing it will be saved.
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 include the following: Baldewin de Stoke in Suffolk; Mariota de Stoke in Huntingdonshire; Robert de Stokes in Oxfordshire; and Seman de Stokes in Northamptonshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Peter Stokes (died 1399), was a Carmelite friar at Hitchin, Hertfordshire and later after studying at Oxford rose to become a doctor of divinity before 1382. During the religious troubles of that year Stokes acted as the representative of Archbishop Courtenay in the university.
"Thomas Stokes, "armiger," and some, if not all, of the members of his family, which included four sons and twelve daughters, were buried in the church of Ashby Ledgers during the 15th century. Adrian Stokes by right of his wife owned the living of Tifiield in 1575." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
Early History of the Stakes family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stakes research.Another 187 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1220, 1569 and 1626 are included under the topic Early Stakes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stakes Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Stakes were recorded, including Stoke, Stokes, Stoaks, Stocks and others.
Early Notables of the Stakes family (pre 1700)
Another 24 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stakes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stakes family to Ireland
Some of the Stakes family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 110 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Stakes family to the New World and Oceana
The unstable environment in England
at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland
, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Stakes arrived in North America very early:
Stakes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William Stakes, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Stakes Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. Thomas Stakes U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 60 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 20, 1783 at East River, New York, USA CITATION[CLOSE]
Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
Contemporary Notables of the name Stakes (post 1700)
- A. G. Stakes, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 8th District, 1858-59 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
The Stakes Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fortis qui insons
Motto Translation: Innocent fortune.