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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015
Where did the English Squires family come from? What is the English Squires family crest and coat of arms? When did the Squires family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Squires family history?Squires is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Squires is for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.
First found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon, which were granted by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squires research. Another 210 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, and 1700 are included under the topic Early Squires History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Squires Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Squires family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Squires or a variant listed above:
Squires Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Nicholas Squires settled in Virginia in 1654
- Nich Squires, who landed in Virginia in 1654
- Mary Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674
- Elizabeth Squires, who landed in Maryland in 1674
- Ethelia Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674
Squires Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- George Squires settled in Maryland in 1775
Squires Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Jonathan Squires, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1807
- Mr. Squires, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1822
- L Squires, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
- M L Squires, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
- Thomas Squires, aged 16, arrived in New York in 1854
Squires Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
- Benjamin Squires settled in Bay Roberts, Newfoundland in 1675
Squires Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Benjamin Squires settled in Great Bell Island, Newfoundland in 1770
Squires Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Squires, English convict from Lincoln, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Joseph Squires arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848
- William Squires, aged 31, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar"
- Susannah Squires, aged 35, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"
- Robert Squires, aged 38, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Confiance"
Squires Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- William Squires arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Empress" in 1865
- William Squires, aged 34, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
- Susan Squires, aged 27, a servant, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Assaye" in 1874
- William "Bill" Squires, American Track & Field Coach for the Greater Boston Track club, recipient of the Bill Bowerman award (2002)
- Sergeant John C. Squires (1925-1944), American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
- Gerald "Gerry" Leopold Squires CM (1937-2015), Newfoundland artist born on Change Islands, best known for painting dramatic landscapes in acrylic and oil; he received the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal in 2003
- Mr. Leonard Squires, British Band Bugler from Mutley, Plymouth, England, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
- Mr. Richard Squires (1882-1917), Canadian resident from Rockingham, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mr. Charles Squires (1879-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mr. William Squires (1914-1917), Canadian resident from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917 but later died due to injuries
- Mrs. Mary Squires (1857-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Sir Richard Anderson Squires (1880-1940), Prime Minister of Newfoundland from 1919 to 1923 and 1928 to 1932
- Raymond G. Squires CM (1927-2007), Canadian businessman and retired senator made a Member of the Order of Canada in 1997
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
- Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
- Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
- MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
- Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
The Squires Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Squires Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 23 October 2015 at 19:34.
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