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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Squires is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Squires is for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.

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The surname Squires was first found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon, which were granted by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squires research. Another 210 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, and 1700 are included under the topic Early Squires History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Squires Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Squires family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Squires or a variant listed above:

Squires Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Nicholas Squires settled in Virginia in 1654
  • Nich Squires, who landed in Virginia in 1654
  • Mary Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674
  • Elizabeth Squires, who landed in Maryland in 1674
  • Ethelia Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674


Squires Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • George Squires settled in Maryland in 1775

Squires Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Jonathan Squires, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1807
  • Mr. Squires, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1822
  • L Squires, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • M L Squires, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Thomas Squires, aged 16, arrived in New York in 1854


Squires Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century


  • Benjamin Squires settled in Bay Roberts, Newfoundland in 1675

Squires Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Benjamin Squires settled in Great Bell Island, Newfoundland in 1770

Squires Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • John Squires, English convict from Lincoln, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • Joseph Squires arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848
  • William Squires, aged 31, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar"
  • Susannah Squires, aged 35, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Warren Hastings"
  • Robert Squires, aged 38, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Confiance"


Squires Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • William Squires arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Empress" in 1865
  • William Squires, aged 34, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • Susan Squires, aged 27, a servant, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Assaye" in 1874

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  • Carolyn M. Squires (1940-2016), American politician, Member of the Montana House of Representatives (2010-2015)
  • William "Bill" Squires, American Track & Field Coach for the Greater Boston Track club, recipient of the Bill Bowerman award (2002)
  • Daniel S. Squires, American politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Braxton County, 1875
  • Charles M. Squires, American politician, First Selectman of Vernon, Connecticut, 1920-22
  • Charles Squires, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nevada, 1956
  • Charles Squires, American politician, Farmer-Labor Candidate for U.S. Representative from Montana 1st District, 1930
  • Charles Squires, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Chenango County, 1830
  • Carolyn Squires, American Democrat politician, Member of Montana State House of Representatives 96th District; Elected 2010
  • C. P. Squires, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nevada, 1932, 1936 (alternate), 1948 (alternate)
  • Anson Squires, American politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from New Milford, 1839

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.

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  1. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  2. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  3. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  4. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  5. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  6. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  7. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  10. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  11. ...

The Squires Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Squires Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 29 April 2016 at 14:27.

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