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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall, the homeland to the Scoville family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Scoville family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name however, is derived from the village of Scoville, Normandy, where the family lived before arriving with the Norman Conquest in the 11th century.

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The surname Scoville was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of St. Austell and also having branches at Mavaggissey, Polrudden, Tregonnan and Menagwins. Another reference claims this name in old Cornish language signifies broom-plant. "The family have flourished for a long series of generations, in knightly and gentle degree, in that part of England." [1] The first one record was Thomas de Scobbahull, Sheriff of Devon in 1291.

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Scobell, Scobel, Schobell, Schobel, Scobahull, Scobbahull, Scobhull, Scobhill, Scoble, Scobal and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scoville research. Another 237 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1291, 1610 and 1660 are included under the topic Early Scoville History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Scoville Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Scoville:

Scoville Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • A C Scoville, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • C B Scoville, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851

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  • Samuel R. Scoville, American Republican politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Cornwall, 1908
  • Robert Scoville (b. 1876), American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Salisbury, 1901-04
  • Jonathan Scoville (1830-1891), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from New York 32nd District, 1880-83; Mayor of Buffalo, New York, 1884-85
  • J. R. S. Scoville, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Illinois, 1884
  • Henry R. Scoville, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Ypsilanti, Michigan, 1881-84, 1900-01
  • Frederick R. Scoville, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Cornwall, 1933-35, 1939-40; Defeated, 1918
  • Frank A. Scoville, American politician, Member of Nebraska State House of Representatives, 1885
  • F. A. Scoville, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nebraska, 1888
  • Edward A. Scoville, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Southbury; Elected 1910
  • D. A. Scoville, American politician, Member of Nebraska State Senate, 1879; Member of Nebraska State House of Representatives, 1889

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  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  2. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  3. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  4. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  5. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  6. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  8. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  10. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  11. ...

The Scoville Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Scoville Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 29 April 2016 at 21:17.

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