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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Scoville family come from? What is the English Scoville family crest and coat of arms? When did the Scoville family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Scoville family history?

The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall, the homeland to the Scoville family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Scoville family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name however, is derived from the village of Scoville, Normandy, where the family lived before arriving with the Norman Conquest in the 11th century.

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Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Scobell, Scobel, Schobell, Schobel, Scobahull, Scobbahull, Scobhull, Scobhill, Scoble, Scobal and many more.

First found in Cornwall where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of St. Austell and also having branches at Mavaggissey, Polrudden, Tregonnan and Menagwins.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scoville research. Another 237 words(17 lines of text) covering the years 1291, 1610 and 1660 are included under the topic Early Scoville History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 39 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Scoville Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Scoville:

Scoville Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • A C Scoville, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • C B Scoville, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851

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  • Jonathan Scoville (1830-1891), American politician, Mayor of Buffalo (1884-1885), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1880-1883)
  • Wilbur Lincoln Scoville (1865-1942), American pharmacist, best known for inventing the "Scoville Organoleptic Test," now known as the Scoville scale
  • William Beecher Scoville (1906-1984), American neurosurgeon who founded the Department of Neurosurgery at Connecticut's Hartford Hospital in 1939
  • Nick Scoville, American Francis L. Moseley Professor of Astronomy at Caltech
  • Thomas Scoville (b. 1960), American humorist, technologist and author
  • Darrel Scoville (b. 1975), Canadian professional NHL ice hockey defenceman who played from 1998 to 2011


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  1. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  2. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  3. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  4. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  5. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  8. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  9. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  10. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  11. ...

The Scoville Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Scoville Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 January 2015 at 16:14.

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