An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall, the homeland to the Scoville family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Scoville family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name however, is derived from the village of Scoville, Normandy, where the family lived before arriving with the Norman Conquest in the 11th century.
The surname Scoville was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of St. Austell and also having branches at Mavaggissey, Polrudden, Tregonnan and Menagwins. Another reference claims this name in old Cornish language signifies broom-plant. "The family have flourished for a long series of generations, in knightly and gentle degree, in that part of England."  The first one record was Thomas de Scobbahull, Sheriff of Devon in 1291.
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Scobell, Scobel, Schobell, Schobel, Scobahull, Scobbahull, Scobhull, Scobhill, Scoble, Scobal and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Scoville research. Another 237 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1291, 1610 and 1660 are included under the topic Early Scoville History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Scoville Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Scoville:
Scoville Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
The Scoville Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Scoville Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 29 April 2016 at 21:17.