already had an established system of hereditary surnames
when the Strongbownians arrived. Often the two traditions blended together quite well due to some of their basic similarities, but the incoming Anglo-Norman system brought in some forms that were uncommon amongst the Irish. One of these Anglo-Norman anomalies was the prevalence of local
surnames, such as Sarnesfell. Local
names were taken from the names of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. Originally, the place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname if the place name began with a vowel or was eliminated entirely. The local surnames of these Strongbownian invaders referred to places in Normandy
, or more typically England
, but eventually for those Anglo- Normans
that remained in Ireland
, the nicknames referred to places or geographical features of the island: they became true local names. The Sarnesfell family appears to have originally lived in either of the settlements named Sarnesfield in the English counties of Herefordshire
. The surname Sarnesfell belongs to the large category of Anglo-Norman habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. The Gaelic form of the surname Sarnesfell is Sáirséil.
Early Origins of the Sarnesfell family
The surname Sarnesfell was first found in County Cork
(Irish: Corcaigh) the ancient Kingdom of Deis Muin (Desmond), located on the southwest coast of Ireland
in the province of Munster
, where they were granted lands by Strongbow
, Earl of Pembroke, for their assistance in the invasion of Ireland
in 1172. Another reference claims "the first of the family of Sarsfield who settled in Ireland
is said to have been Thomas de Sarsfield. 'chief banner-bearer' to King Henry II., AD 1172." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Sarnesfell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sarnesfell research.Another 283 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1300, 1636, 1701, 1528, 1598, 1570, 1636, 1648, 1687, 1701, 1660 and 1693 are included under the topic Early Sarnesfell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Sarnesfell Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes spelled names as they sounded; therefore, single person, could have his name spelt many different ways during their lifetime. While investigating the origins of the name Sarnesfell, many spelling variations
were encountered, including: Sarsefield, Sarnesfield, Sarsfield, Sharisfield, Sarisfield, Sarisfell, Sarsfell, Sarnesfell and many more.
Early Notables of the Sarnesfell family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Jenet Sarsfield, Baroness Dunsany ( c.1528-1598 ), an Irish noblewoman from County Meath
, memorable for having six husbands; Dominick Sarsfield, 1st Viscount Sarsfield (c.
1570-1636), Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas, but was removed... Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sarnesfell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Sarnesfell family to the New World and Oceana
Ireland's Great Potato Famine
left the country's inhabitants in extreme poverty and starvation. Many families left their homeland for North America for the promise of work, freedom and land ownership. Although the Irish were not free of economic and racial discrimination in North America, they did contribute greatly to the rapid development of bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Eventually, they would be accepted in other areas such as commerce, education, and the arts. An examination of immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Sarnesfell: Will Sarsfield settled in Georgia in 1734; Monarch Sarsfield arrived in Philadelphia in 1871.
The Sarnesfell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtus non vertitur
Motto Translation: Virtue not changed.