Salmon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient Anglo-Saxon surname Salmon came from the baptismal name for the son of Solomon. Patronymic surnames arose out of the vernacular and religious given name traditions. The vernacular or regional naming tradition is the oldest and most pervasive type of patronymic surname. According to this custom, names were originally composed of vocabulary elements from the local language. In the religious naming tradition, which was developed later than the vernacular tradition, surnames were bestowed in honor of religious figures or church officials. In Europe, the Christian Church was one of the most powerful influences on the formation of given names. Personal names derived from the names of saints, apostles, biblical figures, and missionaries are widespread in most European countries. In the Middle Ages, they became increasingly popular because people believed that the souls of the deceased continued to be involved in this world. They named their children after saints in the hope that the child would be blessed or protected by the saint.

Early Origins of the Salmon family

The surname Salmon was first found in Cumberland and Surrey. The manor of Salmons in Caterham, county Surrey is known to have belonged temp. Edward III to Roger Saleman. [1] The Salmond family of Waterfoot, Cumberland are or French origin, one of their ancestors having fled to England during the persecutions of the Huguenots.

One of the first records of the family was John Salmon (died 1325), Bishop of Norwich and Chancellor, "was probably of humble origin; his parents' names were Soloman and Amicia or Alice. He became a monk at Ely and was elected prior of that house before 1291. On the death of William of Louth in 1298 the majority of the chapter chose Prior Salmon as their bishop, but the minority chose John Langton, the king's chancellor and afterwards bishop of Chichester. The archbishop decided in favour of Salmon. " [2]

Early History of the Salmon family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Salmon research. Another 59 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1644, 1713, 1675, 1742, 1648, 1706, 1679, 1767, 1690, 1648, 1706, 1679, 1767, 1648, 1706, 1644, 1713 and are included under the topic Early Salmon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Salmon Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Salmon has been recorded under many different variations, including Salmon, Salman, Salmond, Samon and others.

Early Notables of the Salmon family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include William Salmon (1644-1713), known as the "professor of five wives," English maker of drugs with questionable credentials. Nathanael Salmon (1675-1742), was an English historian and antiquary, the son of Thomas Salmon (1648-1706), who married Katherine, daughter of Serjeant John Bradshaw. Thomas Salmon (1679-1767) was a brother. He was admitted at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, on 11 June 1690. Salmon paid particular attention to the study of Roman remains in Great Britain. Thomas Salmon...
Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Salmon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Salmon World Ranking

In the United States, the name Salmon is the 2,482nd most popular surname with an estimated 12,435 people with that name. [3] However, in France, the name Salmon is ranked the 378th most popular surname with an estimated 11,102 people with that name. [4] And in Australia, the name Salmon is the 880th popular surname with an estimated 4,495 people with that name. [5] The United Kingdom ranks Salmon as 693rd with 9,626 people. [6]

Ireland Migration of the Salmon family to Ireland

Some of the Salmon family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Salmon migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Salmon or a variant listed above:

Salmon Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Daniel Salmon, who arrived in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1634 [7]
  • Stephen Salmon, who landed in Maryland in 1646 [7]
  • Francis Salmon, who arrived in Maryland in 1651-1652 [7]
  • Jane Salmon, who arrived in Virginia in 1653 [7]
  • Ralph Salmon, who arrived in Maryland in 1655 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Salmon Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Hugh Salmon, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [7]
  • John Salmon, who arrived in Virginia in 1706 [7]
  • Alexander Salmon, who landed in Virginia in 1713 [7]
  • Jacques Salmon, who landed in Louisiana in 1718-1724 [7]
  • John Salmon, who landed in Georgia in 1732 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Salmon Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Salmon, aged 19, who arrived in New York in 1812 [7]
  • Mathew Salmon, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816 [7]
  • Richard Salmon, who landed in New York, NY in 1817 [7]
  • James Salmon, who landed in New York in 1828 [7]
  • William Salmon, who arrived in New York in 1842 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Salmon migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Salmon Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

Australia Salmon migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Salmon Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Salmon, British convict who was convicted in Norfolk, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Mr. John Salmon, English convict who was convicted in Derbyshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Canada" on 23rd April 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. Thomas Salmon, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years for coining, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Mr. John Salmon, English convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Caledonia" in 19th June 1822, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Mr. John Salmon, British Convict who was convicted in Chatham, Kent, England for life , transported aboard the "Commodore Hayes" in April 1823, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he was executed in 1829 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Salmon migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Salmon Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Salmon, aged 20, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Oriental" in 1840
  • Eliza Salmon, aged 20, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Oriental" in 1840
  • Mr. John Salmon, (b. 1819), aged 20, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Port Nicholson, Wellington, New Zealand on 31st January 1840 [14]
  • Mrs. Salmon, (b. 1819), aged 20, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Port Nicholson, Wellington, New Zealand on 31st January 1840 [14]
  • Captain Salmon, Australian settler travelling from Sydney, Australia aboard the ship "Bolina" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 30th October 1842 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Salmon migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [16]
Salmon Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • William Salmon, who settled in St. Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 along with Peter
  • Peter Salmon, aged 20, who landed in St Christopher in 1635 [7]
  • Mr. William Salmon, (b. 1610), aged 25, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Matthew" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 [17]
  • Joseph Salmon, his wife Margaret and son Joseph and servants settled in Barbados in 1679

Contemporary Notables of the name Salmon (post 1700) +

  • Edward Lloyd "Ed" Salmon Jr. (1934-2016), American bishop in The Episcopal Church
  • William Charles Salmon (1868-1925), American Democratic Party politician, U.S. Representative from Tennessee 7th District, 1923-25 [18]
  • Wade Preston Salmon Jr., American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Burlington, North Carolina, 2009 [18]
  • Thomas Paul Salmon (b. 1932), American Democratic Party politician, Municipal judge in Vermont, 1963; Member of Vermont State House of Representatives, 1965; Governor of Vermont, 1973-77 [18]
  • Thomas Salmon, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1912 [18]
  • Stacey Salmon, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 2000 [18]
  • Nancy Salmon, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1972 [18]
  • Michael N. Salmon, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 14th District, 1864-65 [18]
  • Matthew James Salmon (b. 1958), American Republican politician, Telecommunications executive; Member of Arizona State Senate 21st District, 1991-95; U.S. Representative from Arizona, 1995-2001, 2013- [18]
  • Mary Ann Salmon, American Democratic Party politician, Presidential Elector for Arkansas, 1992 [18]
  • ... (Another 26 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II


The Salmon Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Optima sapientia probitas
Motto Translation: Probity is the best wisdom.


Suggested Readings for the name Salmon +

  • The Descendants of Michael & Catherine Salmon by Robert James Salmon.

  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  4. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  6. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 9th December 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/canada
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/caledonia
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 30th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/caledonia
  13. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th March 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/commodore-hayes)
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  16. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  17. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 4th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  18. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 30) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  19. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp


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