An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Rutland is a name that came to England in the 11th century wave of migration that was set off by the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Rutland family lived in a number of locations bearing the name Rutland in the counties of Derbyshire, Cornwall, Surrey, and Cumberland, as well as the county of Rutland itself. Rutland is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
The surname Rutland was first found in Surrey where they held a family seat. Strangely, all the research on this name has produced little that can identify the surname with that of the county of Rutland, England's smallest and most central county. The name should also not be confused with the ancient titles of the Earl and Duke of Rutland, who were not in fact of the surname Rutland. The family name was anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Mitcham in Surrey. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book,  a survey initiated by Duke William of Normandy in 1086 after his conquest of England at Hastings in 1066 A.D., Mitcham was recorded as being held by the Canons of Bayeux who held it from the Bishop of Bayeux. The village of Mitcham consisted of one half a mill, a rating not uncommon, and was anciently famous for being the scene of lavender fields.
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Rutland have been found, including Rutland, Ritland, Rotland, Rutlane, Ratland, Ruttland, Rutlland, Roushland and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rutland research. Another 162 words (12 lines of text) covering the year 1782 is included under the topic Early Rutland History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Rutland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
For many English families, the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland, Australia, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Rutland were among those contributors:
Rutland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
Rutland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Rutland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Rutland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Post praeilia praemia
Motto Translation: Reward after battle.
The Rutland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rutland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 7 April 2015 at 08:43.