Origins Available: English
The Rollands surname comes from the Norman personal name
Rol(l)an, which derives from the Germanic elements "hrod," meaning "renown," and "land," meaning "territory." Much of the Medieval popularity of this name was as a result of Roland (d. 778), a Frankish military leader under Charlemagne
who was defeated at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778. The Song of Roland thought to have been written between 1040 and 1115 is an epic poem based the battle.
Early Origins of the Rollands family
The surname Rollands was first found in Bedfordshire
(Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England
, formerly part of the Anglo-Saxon
kingdom of Mercia, where a record in the Domesday Book
of 1086 lists Rolland as being a landholder in Beeston (Bistone). CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
They were in neighboring Huntingdonshire from the early 12th century. The Domesday Book
also lists Ralunt (Rowland) in Derbyshire
. One source states "A baptismal name as in 'the son of Roland.' Roland or Orlando was the nephew of the great Charles, who fell at Roncesvalles." CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
This latter reference is derived from The Miscellaneous Prose Works of Sir Walter Scott (Vol IV) and we shall now provide it in a more complete context. "No reader can have forgotten, that when the decisive battle of Hastings commenced, a Norman minstrel, Taillefer, advanced on horseback before the invading host and gave the signal for onset, by singing the 'Song of Roland,' that renowned nephew of Charlamagne, of whom the chivalry of Charles the Great in the pass of Roncesvalles, has given rise to such clouds of romantic fiction, that its very name has been for ever associated with it. The remarkable passage has been often quoted from the 'Brut of Wace,' an Anglo-Norman metrical chronicle. 'Taillefer, who sung both well and loud, Came mounted on a courser proud; Before the Duke the minstrel sprung. And loud of Charles and Roland sung, Of Oliver and champions mo, Who died at fatal Roncevaux.'"
Early History of the Rollands family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rollands research.Another 241 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1196, 1218, 1221, 1303, 1327, 1601, 1602, 1599, 1621, 1555, 1637 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Rollands History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rollands Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Rolland, Roland, Rowland, Rowlands, Rowlandson, Rolan and many more.
Early Notables of the Rollands family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Nicholas Rowland, medical surgeon in London, who practiced 1599-1621; John Rolland, a 16th century Scottish poet, known to have been in Dalkeith in 1555; and Mary Rowlandson, née White (c.
1637-1711), a colonial American woman who was captured by Native Americans during King... Another 53 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rollands Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rollands family to Ireland
Some of the Rollands family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 41 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rollands family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Rollands Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Rollands, who arrived in Virginia in 1653