Raine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought much change, including many immigrants with new names. Among these were the ancestors of the Raine family, whose name comes from the short forms of various Germanic personal names containing the element Ragin, meaning counsel. It it thought that the name could also have been derived from Rennes, in Brittany. [1] However, not all of the family joined the Conqueror as seen by the listing of Warenger Raine in Normandy (1180-1195.) [2]

Phillipe de Rim or De Remi (c. 1246-1296), was long treated by English authorities as an Anglo-Norman poet, to whom were assigned two romances 'La Manekine' and 'Jehan de Dammartin et Blonde d'Oxford.' "Both show a close knowledge of Scottish and English life and topography in the thirteenth century." [3]

Early Origins of the Raine family

The surname Raine was first found in Essex where Roger Rayne was granted lands at Rayne as companion in arms of William the Conqueror. Other early spellings of the name include De Raines and Raneis. [1]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the following: Alice Reine in Cambridgeshire; John Reyn and Nicholas Reyn in Lincolnshire; Robert de Rennes in Oxfordshire; and Richard de Rennes. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 lists: Robert Rayne; Johannes Rayne; Richard Rayneson; and William Rayne. [4]

Early History of the Raine family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Raine research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1280 and 1530 are included under the topic Early Raine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Raine Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Raines, Raine, Rayne and others.

Early Notables of the Raine family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Reynes ( fl. 1530), an English stationer and bookbinder in London, carried on business at the sign of St...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Raine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Raine migration to the United States +

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Raine or a variant listed above:

Raine Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Rowland Raine, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [5]
  • Thomas Raine, who arrived in Maryland in 1669 [5]
  • Hannah Raine, who landed in Maryland in 1671 [5]
Raine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Derby Raine, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [5]
  • Nathaniel Raine, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773 [5]
Raine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Raine, aged 7, who landed in America from Manchester, in 1892
  • D. L. Raine, aged 30, who settled in America, in 1897
Raine Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • James B. Raine, aged 39, who settled in America, in 1904
  • J. B Raine, aged 39, who settled in America, in 1904
  • John George Raine, aged 27, who immigrated to America from Shropshire, in 1904
  • John C Raine, aged 21, who landed in America from Sheffield, in 1906
  • Elizabeth Raine, aged 39, who landed in America from Nantwich, England, in 1907
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Raine migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Raine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Raine, aged 37, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Indian" [6]

New Zealand Raine migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Raine Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Dr. Raine, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl of Lonsdale" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand on 11th April 1841 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Raine (post 1700) +

  • William MacLeod Raine (1871-1954), British-born American novelist
  • M. O. Raine, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1960 [8]
  • Lisa Marie Raine (b. 1969), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1996; Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Washington, 2000 [8]
  • John Raine (b. 1863), American Republican politician, Lumber mill business; Banker; Presidential Elector for West Virginia, 1924; Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Greenbrier County, 1929-30 [8]
  • Frederick Raine, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maryland, 1884 [8]
  • Matthew Raine (1760-1811), English schoolmaster and divine, was born in the North Riding of Yorkshire
  • James Raine (1791-1858), English antiquary and topographer, son of James Raine, born at Ovington in the parish of Wycliffe
  • Craig Raine (b. 1944), English poet and critic
  • Tom Raine, British semi-professional BMXer
  • Richard Raine (1923-2006), pseudonym of British novelist Raymond Harold Sawkins
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Royal Oak
  • George Henry Raine (1910-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [9]


The Raine Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Judicium parium aut leges terrae
Motto Translation: The judgement of my peers, or the laws of the land.


  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The INDIAN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Indian.htm
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 26) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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