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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The ancestors of the name Pool date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Pool family lived near a pool of water. The surname Pool belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.


The surname Pool was first found in Dorset at Poole, now a large coastal town and seaport. While today Poole is a large tourist resort, looking back to as early as the Iron Age, this costal town was a major fishing port. The Romans landed at Poole during their conquest of Britain in the 1st century. Years later, the Vikings in 876 landed; Guthrum sailed his fleet through the harbour to attack Wareham, and in later 1015, Canute began his conquest of England here using it as a base to raid and pillage Wessex. Centuries later in the 16th century, Poole would become a major commercial center for the North American colonies, including the vast fisheries of Newfoundland. Accordingly, many Newfoundlanders trace their lineage through Poole or nearby communities. Another branch was found at Ewelme in Oxfordshire at ancient times. "William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, who obtained the manor by marriage with Alice, daughter and heiress of Thomas Chaucer, son of Geoffrey Chaucer, the poet, in whose family it had been for many years, erected the present church and a noble mansion, of which latter only some of the outoffices now remain. There are some handsome monuments, one of which, to the memory of the Duchess of Suffolk, who died in 1475, is elaborately embellished; the Chaucer monument, an altar-tomb, is ornamented with numerous shields of armorial bearings, and inlaid with brasses on which are the effigies of a knight and his lady, in the costume of the fifteenth century." [1] And another branch was found at Radbourn in Derbyshire. "On the death of Sir John Chandos, the celebrated warrior, in 1370, the estate passed to his representatives in the female line, and eventually to Sir Peter de la Pole, from whom the manor has descended to its present owner, Edward Sacheverel Chandos Pole, Esq. Radbourn Hall, a large brick mansion of modern date, the seat of the Pole family, stands on an eminence in a well-wooded park, commanding extensive views in all directions." [1]

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Pool are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Pool include: Pool, Pooley, Poole, Pole, Pull and others.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pool research. Another 169 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1473, 1541, 1541, 1462, 1505, 1500, 1558, 1566, 1612, 1448, 1601, 1564, 1632, 1597, 1626, 1566, 1612, 1661, 1614, 1648, 1617, 1673, 1640, 1673, 1624, 1679, 1629, 1621, 1629, 1661, 1614, 1648 and 1603 are included under the topic Early Pool History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 497 words (36 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pool Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Pool family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Pool or a variant listed above:

Pool Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Pool settled in New England in 1649
  • George Pool, who settled in Virginia in 1650
  • David Pool, who landed in Virginia in 1655
  • Jeremiah and Sylvester Pool settled in Barbados in 1685

Pool Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Ambrose Pool, who arrived in Virginia in 1717
  • Philip Pool, who arrived in South Carolina in 1744
  • Jonas Pool, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1752

Pool Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Edmond Pool, aged 35, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Charles Pool, who landed in New York, NY in 1829
  • Beverley Pool, who arrived in Texas in 1835
  • Walter T Pool, who arrived in Texas in 1835
  • Henry Pool, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840

Pool Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Ann Pool, aged 3, landed in Quebec in 1834
  • James Pool, aged 10, landed in Quebec in 1834
  • Jane Pool, aged 1, arrived in Quebec in 1834
  • John Pool, aged 35, landed in Quebec in 1834
  • Mathew Pool, aged 5, landed in Quebec in 1834

Pool Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Pool, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • John Pool, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • John Pool arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cressy" in 1847
  • Oliver Pool, aged 22, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Standard"
  • James Pool, aged 34, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Star Queen"

Pool Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Jane Pool arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Countess of Kintore" in 1871


  • Walter Freshwater Pool (1850-1883), American politician, United States Representative from North Carolina
  • Solomon Pool (1832-1901), American academic, 4th President of the University of North Carolina (1869-1872)
  • Robert Roy Pool (b. 1953), American screenwriter, best known for his work on Outbreak (1995) and The Big Town (1987)
  • Maria Louise Pool (1841-1898), American writer, best known for her book A Vacation in a Buggy
  • Jonathan Pool (b. 1942), American political scientist from Chicago
  • John Pool (1826-1884), American politician, U.S. Senator from North Carolina (1868-1873)
  • David de Sola Pool (1885-1970), American rabbi and writer
  • Judith Graham Pool (1919-1975), American scientist who discovered cryoprecipitation
  • Joe Richard Pool (1911-1968), American politician, U.S. Representative from Texas
  • Hugh Eustis Potts Pool (b. 1964), American musician, best known for his work in the guitar



  • Early North Carolina Pool Clan of Balden, Anson, Rownan & Davidson Counties by William Lee Poole.
  • Genealogy and Family History of John Pool(e) in America, 1630-1981 by Harry M. Hutchinson.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Pollet virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue excels.


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  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  3. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  4. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  6. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  7. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  8. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  10. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  11. ...

The Pool Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pool Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 April 2016 at 13:13.

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