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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: French, Scottish
The earliest forms of hereditary surnames in Scotland were the patronymic surnames, which are derived from the father's given name, and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the mother's given name. Scottish patronymic names emerged as early as the mid-9th century. The patronyms were derived from a variety of given names that were of many different origins. The surname Paul is derived from the ancient Latin personal name Paulus meaning small. It has always been common in Christendom due to the importance and enduring popularity of St. Paul. "As a Christian name, examples are not common but it can hardly be regarded as 'a very rare name in the Middle Ages' in view of the numerous forms and derivatives." 
The surname Paul was first found in the East Riding of Yorkshire at Paull, a parish, in the union of Patrington, S. division of the wapentake of Holderness. The parish dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was first listed as Pagele, and literally meant "place at the stake, (marking a landing-place)" from the Old English word "pagal."  In early times there were three settlements: Paull Fleet; Up Paull and Paull Holme. All merged in the 16th century or so to become Paull. Not withstanding the parish reference, due to the aforementioned personal name origin, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 show the scattered mention of the name at that time: Stephen Paul in Nottinghamshire;  and Thomas filius Pole in Derbyshire.  The lion's share of the family claim Scotland as their homeland and rightly so. "This surname is one of considerable antiquity in the parish of Daviot, and occurs in the parish of Fintry in 1654. It is also found in the Lothians and in Fife, where it is considered "by family tradition a Flemish name," but is not necessarily so. " 
The frequent translations of surnames from and into Gaelic, accounts for the multitude of spelling variations found in Scottish surnames. Furthermore, the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent because medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. The different versions of a surname, such as the inclusion of the patronymic prefix "Mac", frequently indicated a religious or Clan affiliation, or even a division of the family. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into Scotland, accelerating accentuating the alterations to various surnames. The name Paul has also been spelled Paul, Paule, Pauls, Paull, Paulls and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Paul research. Another 307 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1685, 1528, 1546, 1659, 1696, 1599, 1665, 1663 and are included under the topic Early Paul History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Paul Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Paul family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 137 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the first North American settlers with Paul name or one of its variants:
Paul Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Daniel Paul, who settled in Boston in 1630
- William Paul, who landed in Massachusetts in 1635
- Francis Paul, who landed in Virginia in 1637
- Pat Paul, who landed in Virginia in 1648
- Patrick Paul, who arrived in Virginia in 1648
Paul Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Johan Daniell Paul, who landed in New York in 1709
- Henry Paul settled with his wife and seven children in Virginia in 1709
- John Paul settled in Virginia with his wife and five children in 1709
- Henrig Paul, who arrived in New York in 1709
- Jeanne Paul, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719
Paul Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Thomas Paul, aged 20, landed in New York, NY in 1804
- Samuel Paul, aged 29, landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
- Ann Paul, who landed in America in 1805
- Alexander Paul, aged 22, landed in New York in 1812
- Dunbar Paul, aged 21, arrived in South Carolina in 1812
Paul Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Elizabeth Paul, aged 17, arrived in New York, NY in 1902
- Louis Paul, who landed in Arkansas in 1906
Paul Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Julien Paul, who arrived in Canada in 1714
- Timothy Paul, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1757
- Mr. Caleb Paul U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783
- Mrs. Elizabeth Paul U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783
- Mrs. Margaret Paul U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783
Paul Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- John Paul, aged 21, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast
- Friedrich Paul, who arrived in Quebec in 1850
Paul Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Paul, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- John Bennett Paul arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- Mary Ann Paul arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- Elizabeth Paul arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Henry Porcher" in 1838
- William Paul arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Dauntless" in 1840
Paul Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Eliza Paul, aged 19, a sempstress, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1841
- Hugh Paul, aged 17, a farm servant, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
- Arthur Paul arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ann Wilson" in 1857
- John Paul, aged 21, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
- Julia Paul, aged 21, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
- Billy Paul (1934-2016), born Paul Williams, American Grammy Award-winning singer, probably best known for his 1972 hit "Me and Mrs. Jones"
- William Erwin Paul (1936-2015), American immunologist, known for his work on AIDS at the National Institutes of Health
- Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (b. 1963), American physician and politician, United States Senator from Kentucky (2011-), candidate for the 2016 U.S. presidential election
- Major-General Willard Stewart Paul (1894-1966), American Director of Personnel & Administration Division, Department of the Army (1947-1948)
- Les Paul (1915-2009), born Lester William Polsfuss, American jazz and country guitarist, songwriter and inventor
- John Paul (1883-1964), American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Virginia, 1912, 1916, 1924; Member of Virginia State Senate 8th District, 1912-15, 1920-21
- John M. Paul, American Democrat politician, Postmaster at White Plains, New York, 1947
- Joseph Paul, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 19th District, 1970, 1974
- Kelly Paul, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Kentucky, 2012
- Leopold L. Paul, American Republican politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly 85th District, 2009
- Your Desert and Mine by Nina Paul Shumway.
- Philip Paul of Stocklinch, Somerset, England and some of his Descendants in Old Gloucester County, New Jersey and Elsewhere by Gordon W. Paul.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
- Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
- Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
- Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
- Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
- Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
- Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
- Bloxham, Ben. Key to Parochial Registers of Scotland From Earliest Times Through 1854 2nd edition. Provo, UT: Stevenson's Genealogical Center, 1979. Print.
This page was last modified on 27 April 2016 at 15:08.
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