The Parnwell name is thought to be derived from the medieval female personal name
"Peronel, Pernel, Parnell," which came from the Latin "Petronilla," or "Petronia," which was the name of an early Roman martyr. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Other sources suggest that the Parnwell name is a reference to Pernelle, Normandy
, a place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066. "Pernelle was near Valognes, Normandy." CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early Origins of the Parnwell family
The surname Parnwell was first found in Cheshire
where they held a family seat
from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy
, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
The township of Poulton, with Spittal was once a family seat as the manor was once held by the Parnell family. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
By the time of the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the family had scattered and entries were found as both a forename and surname: Petronilla de le Le in Oxfordshire; Pernel Clere in Huntingdonshire; William Peronel and Alexander Pernel in Cambridgeshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6) "The Parnells are now principally seated in Devon and Cornwall, but there are a few in Cambridgeshire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
Early History of the Parnwell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Parnwell research.Another 180 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1679 and 1718 are included under the topic Early Parnwell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Parnwell Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Parnell, Parnel, Parnall and others.
Early Notables of the Parnwell family (pre 1700)
Another 21 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Parnwell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Parnwell family to Ireland
Some of the Parnwell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 115 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Parnwell family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Parnwell or a variant listed above were: Walter and William Parnell, who arrived in Virginia in 1623; Edward Parnell, who came to Bermuda in 1635; Daniel Parnell, who settled in Georgia with his wife in 1735.
The Parnwell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Te digna sequere
Motto Translation: Follow worthy things.