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The roots of the Anglo-Saxon name Oxley come from when the family resided in the parish of Bysshebury in Staffordshire, where they held lands and a family seat at Oxley. Oxley is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. In this case the original bearers of the surname were the dwellers near the ox-meadow.

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The surname Oxley was first found in Staffordshire where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Oxley has been recorded under many different variations, including Oxley, Oxly, Oxleigh and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oxley research. Another 252 words (18 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oxley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Oxley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Oxley or a variant listed above:

Oxley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Oxley settled in New Jersey in 1677
  • William Oxley, who landed in New Jersey in 1677

Oxley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Oxley, who arrived in Virginia in 1704
  • Margaret Oxley, who landed in Maryland or Virginia in 1730
  • Thomas and Margaret Oxley settled in Maryland in 1731

Oxley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Elizabeth Oxley her husband Thomas and daughter settled in Portsmouth Virginia in 1820
  • E. A. Oxley, aged 40, who settled in America from London, in 1894

Oxley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Annie Oxley, aged 20, who emigrated to America from Sheffield, in 1903
  • Alfred Oxley, aged 8, who settled in America from London, in 1905
  • Alfred Oxley, aged 42, who emigrated to the United States from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1907
  • Edith Oxley, aged 23, who landed in America from London, England, in 1911
  • Anna Oxley, aged 25, who landed in America from Killucan, Ireland, in 1914
  • ...

Oxley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • George Oxley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Mary Oxley, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
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  • Michael Garver "Mike" Oxley (1944-2016), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio (1981-2007), Member of the Ohio House of Representatives (1973-1981)
  • John C. "Jack" Oxley (b. 1937), American oilman, a Hall of Fame polo player (2005), Thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder who won the Kentucky Derby (2001)
  • Thomas J. Oxley, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 7th District, 1855-57
  • Michael Garver Oxley (b. 1944), American Republican politician, Member of Ohio State House of Representatives, 1972-81; U.S. Representative from Ohio 4th District, 1981-
  • Lorin E. Oxley, American politician, Representative from Iowa 2nd District, 1976
  • Jean Oxley, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Presidential Elector for Iowa, 1972
  • Homer Oxley, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Wyoming, 1952
  • Fleetwood B. Oxley, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Hurricane, West Virginia, 1913
  • Dennie Oxley, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 2008
  • Charles L. Oxley, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Evansville, Indiana, 1957-71 (acting, 1957-58)
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Oxley Historic Events



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. H Oxley, British Steward, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
    2. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
    3. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    4. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
    5. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
    6. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
    7. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    9. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
    10. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    11. ...

    The Oxley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oxley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 26 January 2016 at 10:04.

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