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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


Brythonic in origin, the name of Onians came from the rugged landscape of Wales. The name is from the common Welsh personal name Enion. The Old Welsh form of this name was Enniaun, which is ultimately derived from the Latin name Annianus. The name is also associated with the Welsh word "enion," which literally means "anvil" and connotes the qualities of stability and fortitude. Some experts also associate the surname Onians with the Welsh word "uniawn," which means "upright" or "just." One of the most celebrated bearers of this forename was Einion (or Enyon), a 11th century Welsh warrior-prince and the son of Collwyn. He played a significant role in the legend of the Conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans. It is generally believed that he built Port Eynon castle near Swansea, but evidence of the early castle has been lost. Port Eynon (also spelt Port Einon) still survives today as a village and community in the city and county of Swansea.

Onians Early Origins



The surname Onians was first found in Sussex, where they held a family seat from early times. The family name is derived from a very popular Welsh personal name. In the 11th century Einion was a Welsh prince and warrior, son of Collwyn. Prince Einion played a great part in the famous legend of the Conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans. Today Port Eynon (Port Einon) is a village in Swansea, Wales. In England, the personal name can be found in Shropshire as early as 1159, where Ennian filius Gieruero was registered.

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Onians Spelling Variations


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Onians Spelling Variations



Compared to other ancient cultures found in the British Isles, the number of Welsh surnames are relatively few, but there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations. These spelling variations began almost as soon as surname usage became common. People could not specify how to spell their own names leaving the specific recording up to the individual scribe or priest. Those recorders would then spell the names as they heard them, causing many different variations. Later, many Welsh names were recorded in English. This transliteration process was extremely imprecise since the Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh used many sounds the English language was not accustomed to. Finally, some variations occurred by the individual's design: a branch loyalty within a family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The Onians name over the years has been spelled Einion, Ennian, Annian, Anyan, Einion, Ennion, Enions, Inion, Inions, Innion, Innions, Ineon, Eneon, Onion and many more.

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Onians Early History


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Onians Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Onians research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Onians History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Onians Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Onians Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Onians Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Onians In Ireland


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Onians In Ireland



Some of the Onians family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 39 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many people from Wales joined the general migration to North America in the 19th and 20th centuries, searching for land, work, and freedom. Like the many other immigrants from the British Isles, they made a significant contribution to the development of Canada and the United States. The Welsh and their descendents added a rich cultural tradition to the newly developed towns, cities, and villages. An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Onians: Alice Onion, who settled in Virginia in 1653; with her husband Thomas; George Onion settled in Virginia in 1624 with his wife Elizabeth; Mary Onion and her husband who arrived in Barbados in 1654.

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Contemporary Notables of the name Onians (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Onians (post 1700)



  • John Onians (b. 1942), BA PhD FSA, is a British Professor Emeritus of World Art at the University of East Anglia
  • Richard Onians, Lecturer

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Onians Family Crest Products


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Onians Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Davies, R. R. The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063-1415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.
    2. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    3. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    5. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
    6. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    7. Morgan, T. J. Morgan and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985. Print.
    8. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
    9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    10. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    11. ...

    The Onians Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Onians Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 24 September 2012 at 08:28.

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