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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015
Origins Available: English, German
Where did the English Nicholls family come from? What is the English Nicholls family crest and coat of arms? When did the Nicholls family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Nicholls family history?The name Nicholls was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. 
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.
First found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166.  By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicholls research. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nicholls History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 301 words(22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicholls Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Nicholls family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words(18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Nicholls or a variant listed above were:
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Thomas Nicholls, who settled in Virginia in 1623
- Elizabeth Nicholls, who arrived in New England in 1635
- Elizabeth Nicholls, who came to New England in 1635
- Jer Nicholls, aged 16, arrived in St Christopher in 1635
- Robert Nicholls, who landed in Maryland in 1635
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Susanna Nicholls, who arrived in Virginia in 1700
- Anne Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1701
- Martin Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1701
- Judith Nicholls, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
- David Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1702
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Anthony Edward Nicholls, aged 29, arrived in New York in 1812
- Robt Nicholls, aged 22, arrived in America in 1822
- James Nicholls, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1832
- Samuel Nicholls, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1835
- E Nicholls, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
Nicholls Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Lucy Nicholls, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1811
Nicholls Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- George Nicholls, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Thomas Nicholls, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- William Nicholls, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- James Nicholls, English convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Nicholls, English convict from Suffolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
Nicholls Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- William Nicholls, aged 21, a cooper, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
- Frederick Nicholls arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
- Thomas Nicholls arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Balaklava" in 1864
- Mary Nicholls, aged 22, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- William Nicholls, aged 21, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872
- Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls (1834-1912), American attorney, politician, and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army, 28th Governor of Louisiana (1877-1880) and (1888-1892)
- Mr. Sidney Nicholls (d. 1912), aged 39, English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
- Mr. Joseph Charles "Joe" Nicholls (d. 1912), aged 19, English Second Class passenger from St. Ives, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
- William Morris "Billy" Nicholls Jr (b. 1949), English singer, songwriter and musical director
- Agnes Nicholls (1876-1877), English soprano
- Sarah Phoebe Nicholls (b. 1957), English film, television and stage actress, known for he role as Cordelia Flyte in Brideshead Revisited
- Paul Nicholls (b. 1979), born Paul Greenhalgh, an English actor
- George Nicholls (1776-1857), English major general
- Mr. Thomas Nicholls, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
- Mr. Malcolm Godfrey Nicholls (1919-1941), Australian Able Seaman from South Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.
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- Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
- Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
- Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
The Nicholls Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicholls Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 31 August 2015 at 16:03.
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