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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, German
The name Nicholls was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. 
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.
First found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166.  By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicholls research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nicholls History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 301 words (22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicholls Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Nicholls family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Nicholls or a variant listed above were:
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Thomas Nicholls, who settled in Virginia in 1623
- Elizabeth Nicholls, who arrived in New England in 1635
- Elizabeth Nicholls, who came to New England in 1635
- Jer Nicholls, aged 16, arrived in St Christopher in 1635
- Robert Nicholls, who landed in Maryland in 1635
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Susanna Nicholls, who arrived in Virginia in 1700
- Anne Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1701
- Martin Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1701
- Judith Nicholls, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
- David Nicholls, who landed in Virginia in 1702
Nicholls Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Anthony Edward Nicholls, aged 29, arrived in New York in 1812
- Robt Nicholls, aged 22, arrived in America in 1822
- James Nicholls, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1832
- Samuel Nicholls, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1835
- E Nicholls, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
Nicholls Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Lucy Nicholls, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1811
Nicholls Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- George Nicholls, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Thomas Nicholls, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- William Nicholls, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- James Nicholls, English convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Nicholls, English convict from Suffolk, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
Nicholls Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- William Nicholls, aged 21, a cooper, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
- Frederick Nicholls arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
- Thomas Nicholls arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Balaklava" in 1864
- Mary Nicholls, aged 22, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- William Nicholls, aged 21, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872
- William W. Nicholls (b. 1860), American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in SAINT Michaels, 1889-99; U.S. Vice & Deputy Consul in SAINT Michaels, 1899-1914
- Thomas David Nicholls (1870-1931), American Democrat politician, Coal miner; president, District 1, United Mine Workers of America, 1899-1909; U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 10th District, 1907-11
- Samuel Jones Nicholls (1885-1937), American Democrat politician, Member of South Carolina State House of Representatives, 1906-09; U.S. Representative from South Carolina 4th District, 1915-21
- Joshua L. Nicholls, American politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Trumbull, 1836
- John Calhoun Nicholls (1834-1893), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1876; Member of Georgia State Legislature; U.S. Representative from Georgia 1st District, 1879-81, 1883-85
- John A. Nicholls, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, 1909, 1910; Prohibition Candidate for U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1922
- James A. Nicholls, American politician, U.S. Collector of Customs, 1845-49
- George Nicholls, American politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Thompson, 1836-37
- Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls (1834-1912), American Democrat politician, Governor of Louisiana, 1877-80, 1888-92; Chief Justice of Louisiana State Supreme Court, 1892-1904
- Benjamin P. Nicholls, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1928
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
- Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
- Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
- Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
- Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
The Nicholls Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nicholls Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 11 November 2015 at 13:10.
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