Murray History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Murray was first used as a surname by descendants of the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The ancestors of the Murray family lived in the county of Moray in the northeast of Scotland, but some historians describe the Clan's forbears as originally Flemish, some as Lowland Scots. More enlightened research places them as descendents of MacAngus de Moravia, who was descended from King Duncan of Scotland and who was the first Earl of Murray.

Early Origins of the Murray family

The surname Murray was first found in Moray, where the Clan founder, Freskin, received a grant of the lands of Strathbrock in 1100 AD. He was descended from the first Earl, and his grandson, William, married the heiress of the Bothwell Clan in Lanarkshire. His sons founded many other houses, including the Murrays of Tullibardine, who later became the Dukes of Atholl, and Chiefs of the Clan.

At the same time, an early branch in the north had given origin to the Earls of Sutherland. Andrew Moray (died 1297) also known as Andrew de Moray, Andrew of Moray, or Andrew Murray, was prominent in the Scottish Wars of Independence.

He led the rising in north Scotland in the summer of 1297 against the occupation by King Edward I of England. He was mortally wounded in the fighting at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

Early History of the Murray family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Murray research. Another 596 words (43 lines of text) covering the years 1203, 1170, 1100, 1255, 1297, 1320, 1333, 1360, 1629, 1703, 1446, 1586, 1598, 1598, 1715, 1745, 1765, 1608, 1673, 1660, 1724, 1600, 1655, 1631, 1703, 1640, 1650, 1716, 1691, 1701, 1663, 1719, 1710, 1715, 1663, 1734 and are included under the topic Early Murray History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Murray Spelling Variations

Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Murray has appeared Murray, Murrey, Moray, Morey, Morrey, Morry, Murry, MacMhuirich (Gaelic) and many more.

Early Notables of the Murray family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Sir Robert Moray (Murrey, Murray) (1608-1673), a Scottish soldier, statesman, diplomat, judge, spy, freemason and natural philosopher; John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl, KT, PC (1660-1724) was a Scottish nobleman, Knight of the Thistle, politician, and soldier; William Murray, 1st Earl of Dysart (c. 1600-1655), the childhood whipping boy of Charles I of England and later an...
Another 65 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Murray Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Murray family to Ireland

Some of the Murray family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Murray migration to the United States +

Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Murray:

Murray Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Francis Murray, who arrived in Virginia in 1664 [1]
  • Anna Murray, who landed in New Jersey in 1685 [1]
  • Johnathan Murray, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1687 [1]
Murray Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Barbara Murray, who landed in Cape Fear, North Carolina in 1737 [1]
  • Charles Murray, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [1]
  • Garret Murray, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [1]
  • Elizabeth Murray, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1755 [1]
  • Archibald Murray, aged 17, who arrived in New York in 1755 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murray Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Murray of County Derry, who went to Philadelphia in 1803 aboard the "Mohawk"
  • Alex Murray, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • Hannah Murray, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • William Murray, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [1]
  • Robert Murray, aged 46, who arrived in Tennessee in 1812 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murray Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • John Murray, who landed in Colorado in 1901 [1]

Canada Murray migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Murray Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Margaret Murray, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Christopher Murray, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Mary Murray, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778
  • Morton Murray, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1783
  • Mr. John Murray Sr., U.E. (b. 1735) born in Scotland from Tryon County, New York, USA who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia c. 1783, then settling in Prince Edward Island, [Island of Saint John], New Brunswick in 1784 was a passenger aboard the ship "Eleanor", married to Mary Kennedy having 8 children, he is among the 37 names listed on the Bedeque Harbour Loyalist Monument in Prince Edward Island [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murray Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Donald Murray, aged 25, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • Hugh Murray, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1815
  • Isabella Murray, aged 18, who landed in Canada in 1815
  • Angus Murray, aged 72, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • Christian Murray, aged 25, who arrived in Canada in 1815
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Murray migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Murray Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Michael Murray, English convict who was convicted in Berkshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. Owen Murray, English convict who was convicted in Derby, Derbyshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. William Murray, English convict who was convicted in Worcester, Worcestershire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
Murray Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr.Patrick Murray, (b. 1798), aged 21, Irish sailor who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Bencoolen" on 24th April 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia before being transferred to Tasmania via the "Admiral Cockburn" [4]
  • John Murray, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]
  • John Murray, a weaver, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • John Murray, a tailor, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Miss Margaret Murray, (b. 1805), aged 21, Irish convict who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Brothers" on 3rd October 1826, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Murray migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Murray Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John A. Murray, aged 25, a clerk, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • William Murray, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • John Murray, aged 24, a ploughman, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • John Murray, aged 37, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • Mary Murray, aged 35, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Murray (post 1700) +

  • Margaret L. "Peg" Murray (1924-2020), American Tony Award winning actress of stage and television
  • Robert Edward Murray (1940-2020), American mining engineer and businessman, founder and chief executive officer of Murray Energy
  • James Albert Murray (1932-2020), American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Kalamazoo from 1998 to 2009
  • Vice Admiral George Dominic Murray (1889-1956), American early naval aviator, Commander of the aircraft carrier Enterprise (CV-6), from 21 March 1941 to 30 June 1942, which included the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and the Battle of Midway
  • Lindley Murray (1745-1826), American Quaker who moved to England and became a writer and grammarian
  • James Marcellus Arthur "Sunny" Murray (1936-2017), American drummer from Idabel, Oklahoma, one of the pioneers of the free jazz style of drumming
  • William James "Bill" Murray (b. 1950), Academy Award-nominated, Primetime Emmy Award winning, Emmy-winning and Golden Globe-winning American comedian and actor
  • John Edward Murray Jr. (1932-2015), American chancellor and a professor of law at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 11th President of Duquesne University (1988-2001)
  • Bruce Churchill Murray (1931-2013), American space scientist, Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1976–1982)
  • Albert L. Murray (1916-2013), African-American literary and jazz critic, novelist, essayist and biographer
  • ... (Another 44 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Owen John Murray (1946-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Mataura, South Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [7]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Michael Wade Murray (b. 1954), American Sergeant from Washington, Indiana, USA who died in the crash [8]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Peter Murray, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [9]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Robert J.  Murray (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [10]
  • Mr. James Anderson  Murray (1871-1917), Canadian Naval Instructor aboard the HMCS Niobe from Quebec, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Master James Monson  Murray (1905-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Ms. Jacqueline Murray, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [10]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Malcolm Murray (1912-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Beaconsfield, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [11]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Sidney Murray (b. 1921), English Electrical Artificer 5th Class serving for the Royal Navy from Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Hugh Murray (b. 1917), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Cockermouth, Cumberland, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Frederick C Murray (b. 1920), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Earlsfield, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Prince of Wales
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Michael Murray, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
HMS Royal Oak
  • John Murray, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [15]
  • William Roderick Murray (1920-1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Jean Aitkin Murray (1906-1988), Scottish resident of Lockerbie from Scotland, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [16]
RMS Lusitania
  • Master Walter Murray, Scottish 3rd Class passenger residing in Chicago, Illinois, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mrs. Margaret Murray, Scottish 3rd Class passenger residing in Chicago, Illinois, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mrs. Mary Murray, English 3rd Class passenger returning from Cuba, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mrs. Rose Ellen Murray, American 2nd Class passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [17]


The Murray Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tout Prêt
Motto Translation: Quite ready.


Suggested Readings for the name Murray +

  • 109 Family Ties of Roy Harold Murray by Miriam Clouds Murray, Golden Clan: the Murrays, the McDonnells, and the Irish American Aristocracy by John Corry.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 29th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barwell
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bencoolen
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/brothers
  7. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  8. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  9. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  10. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  11. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  16. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  17. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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