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Murphy History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: Irish-Alt , Irish


Many of the oldest Irish surnames were originally in the Gaelic language native to Ireland. The original Gaelic form of the name Murphy is O Murchadha or Mac Murchadha, which are both derived from the word "murchadh," meaning "sea warrior."


Early Origins of the Murphy family


The surname Murphy was first found in County Wexford (Irish: Loch Garman), founded by Vikings as Waesfjord, and located in Southeastern Ireland, in the province of Leinster, where they held a family seat from very early times.

Early History of the Murphy family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Murphy research.
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1127, 1172, 1650, 1716 and 1798 are included under the topic Early Murphy History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Murphy Spelling Variations


Irish names were rarely spelled consistently in the Middle Ages. Spelling variations of the name Murphy dating from that time include Murphy, Morchoe, O'Murphy, Murfie, Murfree, Morfie, Morfey and many more.

Early Notables of the Murphy family (pre 1700)


Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Murphy Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Murphy family to the New World and Oceana


The 19th century saw a great wave of Irish families leaving Ireland for the distant shores of North America and Australia. These families often left their homeland hungry, penniless, and destitute do to the policies of England. Those Irish immigrants that survived the long sea passage initially settled on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Some, however, moved north to a then infant Canada as United Empire Loyalists after ironically serving with the English in the American War of Independence. Others that remained in America later joined the westward migration in search of land. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, though, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America, and those who arrived were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. In fact, the foundations of today's powerful nations of the United Sates and Canada were to a larger degree built by the Irish. Archival documents indicate that members of the Murphy family relocated to North American shores quite early:

Murphy Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Abraham Murphy, who settled in Maryland in 1674
  • Abraham Murphy, who arrived in Maryland in 1674 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Daniel Murphy, who settled in Maryland in 1678
  • Edmund Murphy, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Howard Murphy, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Murphy Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Edward Murphy, who settled in Boston in 1766
  • Dennis Murphy, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1766
  • Eleanor Murphy, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1767 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Ann Murphy, who settled in Philadelphia in 1773

Murphy Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Francis Murphy, who settled in New York in 1803
  • Arthur Murphy, who settled in Philadelphia in 1804
  • Arthur Murphy, aged 49, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Philip Murphy, aged 22, who arrived in Maryland in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Peter Murphy, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1813 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Murphy Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Henrique Murphy, who arrived in Alabama in 1927 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Murphy Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • James Murphy, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Duke Murphy U.E. who settled in Westmoreland County, New Brunswick c. 1783 was a passenger aboard "Cyrus" on August 21, 1783 from New York to Saint John River [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Murphy U.E. who settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick c. 1783 was a passenger aboard "Cyrus" on August 21, 1783 from New York to Saint John River [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Luke Murphy U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Timothy Murphy U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Murphy Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Anne Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1803
  • Gerald Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1806
  • Bridget Murphy, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • Ellen Murphy, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • David Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Murphy Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Edmund Murphy, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  • Anthony Murphy, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  • James Murphy, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  • James Murphy, English convict from Bristol, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  • Michael Murphy, a tanner, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Murphy Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Mary Margaret Murphy, aged 20, a sempstress, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgeway" in 1840
  • Patrick Murphy, aged 26, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgeway" in 1840
  • Catherine Murphy, aged 24, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgeway" in 1840
  • James Murphy, aged 23, a blacksmith, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • Patrick Murphy, aged 21, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Murphy (post 1700)


  • Dale R. "Murph" Murphy (1961-1991), aged 30, American crew member from Bradenton Beach, Florida of the Andrea Gail, lost during the "Perfect Storm" of 1991; the crew members' plight was inspiration of the 1997 book and a 2000 film adaptation of the same name
  • Matthew Tyler Murphy (1929-2018), known as Matt "Guitar" Murphy, an American blues guitarist, known for his work with The Blues Brothers and Howlin' Wolf
  • Diana E. Murphy (1934-2018), American jurist, Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (2016-2018)
  • Charles Hurt "Chuck" Murphy III (d. 2018), American prelate, Bishop of the Anglican Mission in the Americas
  • Charles Quinton "Charlie" Murphy (1959-2017), American actor, comedian, voice artist, and writer; older brother of Eddie Murphy
  • Joan Patricia Murphy (1936-1937), née O'Malley, American Democratic politician and member of the Cook County Board of Commissioners
  • Mark Murphy (1932-2015), American six-time Grammy Award nominated jazz singer based in New York; Down Beat magazine readers jazz poll Best Male Vocalist of the Year in 1996, 1997, 2000, and 2001
  • Francis William Murphy (1890-1949), American lawyer and politician
  • Morgan Francis Murphy (1932-2016), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois (1971-1973)
  • John Benjamin Murphy (1857-1916), American physician and abdominal surgeon who operated on President Theodore Roosevelt after his assassination attempt
  • ... (Another 32 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Murphy family



Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. William Bristow Murphy, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  • Mr. Jack Murphy, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  • Mr. Peter Murphy, British Leading Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  • Mr. John Murphy, British Quartermaster from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html

Halifax Explosion

  • Mrs. Eliza  Murphy (1857-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mr. Martin E.  Murphy (1860-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mr. John  Murphy (1862-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mr. Patrick  Murphy (1864-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mrs. Mary A.  Murphy (1870-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Frank E Murphy (b. 1920), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Eastbourne, Sussex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. George Albert Murphy, British Gun Commander from Batley, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Arthur Quirk Murphy (b. 1918), British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. John Anthony Murphy (b. 1923), British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

HMS Royal Oak

  • Thomas Murphy (1919-1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  • Peter Murphy (1922-1939), British Boy Signalman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)

  • Mary Geraldine Murphy (1937-1988), English Purser from Middlesex, England, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [13]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Dennis Murphy, English Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mr. Matthew Murphy, Irish Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mr. James Murphy, Irish Fireman from Swords, Dublin, Ireland, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mr. John Henry Murphy, English First Waiter from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

RMS Titanic

  • Miss Nora Murphy, aged 34, Irish Third Class passenger from Dublin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Miss Catherine "Kate" Murphy, aged 18, Irish Third Class passenger from Aghnacliffe, Longford who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  • Miss Margaret Jane "Maggie/Mary" Murphy, aged 25, Irish Third Class passenger from Fostragh, Longford who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [15]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

USS Arizona

  • Mr. Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American Storekeeper First Class from Virginia, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking
  • Mr. James Joseph Murphy, American Seaman First Class from Arizona, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking
  • Mr. James Palmer Murphy, American Fireman Third Class from Ohio, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking
  • Mr. Jessie Huell Murphy, American Seaman First Class from Louisiana, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking

Suggested Readings for the name Murphy


  • The Ancestors and Descendants of Simon Jones and Ann M. (Dorr) Murphy by Marjorie Barnes Thompson.
  • Early Murphy's, Murpheys in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Robertson and Carroll Counties, Tennessee by Marion Emerson Murphy.

The Murphy Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fortis et hospitalis
Motto Translation: Brave and hospitable.


Murphy Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  7. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  8. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  9. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  10. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  12. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  13. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  14. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  15. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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