Murphy History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Many of the oldest Irish surnames were originally in the Gaelic language native to Ireland. The original Gaelic form of the name Murphy is O Murchadha or Mac Murchadha, which are both derived from the word "murchadh," meaning "sea warrior."

Early Origins of the Murphy family

The surname Murphy was first found in County Wexford (Irish: Loch Garman), founded by Vikings as Waesfjord, and located in Southeastern Ireland, in the province of Leinster, where they held a family seat from very early times.

Early History of the Murphy family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Murphy research. Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1127, 1172, 1650, 1716 and 1798 are included under the topic Early Murphy History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Murphy Spelling Variations

Irish names were rarely spelled consistently in the Middle Ages. Spelling variations of the name Murphy dating from that time include Murphy, Morchoe, O'Murphy, Murfie, Murfree, Morfie, Morfey and many more.

Early Notables of the Murphy family (pre 1700)

Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Murphy Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Murphy migration to the United States +

The 19th century saw a great wave of Irish families leaving Ireland for the distant shores of North America and Australia. These families often left their homeland hungry, penniless, and destitute due to the policies of England. Those Irish immigrants that survived the long sea passage initially settled on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Some, however, moved north to a then infant Canada as United Empire Loyalists after ironically serving with the English in the American War of Independence. Others that remained in America later joined the westward migration in search of land. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, though, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America, and those who arrived were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. In fact, the foundations of today's powerful nations of the United States and Canada were to a larger degree built by the Irish. Archival documents indicate that members of the Murphy family relocated to North American shores quite early:

Murphy Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Abraham Murphy, who settled in Maryland in 1674
  • Abraham Murphy, who arrived in Maryland in 1674 [1]
  • Daniel Murphy, who settled in Maryland in 1678
  • Edmund Murphy, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [1]
  • Howard Murphy, who landed in Maryland in 1678 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murphy Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Edward Murphy, who settled in Boston in 1766
  • Dennis Murphy, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1766
  • Eleanor Murphy, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1767 [1]
  • Ann Murphy, who settled in Philadelphia in 1773
Murphy Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Francis Murphy, who settled in New York in 1803
  • Arthur Murphy, who settled in Philadelphia in 1804
  • Arthur Murphy, aged 49, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [1]
  • Philip Murphy, aged 22, who arrived in Maryland in 1812 [1]
  • Peter Murphy, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1813 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murphy Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Henrique Murphy, who arrived in Alabama in 1927 [1]

Canada Murphy migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Murphy Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • James Murphy, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Duke Murphy U.E. who settled in Westmoreland County, New Brunswick c. 1783 was a passenger aboard "Cyrus" on August 21, 1783 from New York to Saint John River [2]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Murphy U.E. who settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick c. 1783 was a passenger aboard "Cyrus" on August 21, 1783 from New York to Saint John River [2]
  • Mr. Luke Murphy U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [2]
  • Mr. Timothy Murphy U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Murphy Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Anne Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1803
  • Gerald Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1806
  • Bridget Murphy, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • Ellen Murphy, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • David Murphy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Murphy migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Murphy Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Hugh Murphy, (b. 1759), aged 34, irish baker who was convicted in Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Boddingtons" on 15th February 1793, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1820 [3]
  • Mr. Patrick Murphy, (Edward), (b. 1762), aged 31, Irish convict who was convicted in Antrim, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Boddingtons" on 15th February 1793, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
Murphy Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Edmund Murphy, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Mr. John Murphy, English convict who was convicted in Kent, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in December 1818, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Mr.James Murphy, (b. 1800), aged 19, Irish labourer who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Bencoolen" on 24th April 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia before being transferred to Tasmania via the "Admiral Cockburn" [6]
  • Mr.Patrick Murphy, (b. 1800), aged 19, Irish baker who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bencoolen" on 24th April 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia before being transferred to Tasmania via the "Admiral Cockburn" [6]
  • Mr.Patrick Murphy, (b. 1801), aged 18, Irish cooper who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bencoolen" on 24th April 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia before being transferred to Tasmania via the "Admiral Cockburn" [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Murphy migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Murphy Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Murphy, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1831 [7]
  • Mr. Cornelius Murphy, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston, UK aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in New Zealand in 1836 [7]
  • Miss Mary Margaret Murphy, (b. 1820), aged 20, British sempstress travelling from England aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 14th November 1840 [7]
  • Miss Partick Murphy, (b. 1814), aged 26, British labourer travelling from England aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 14th November 1840 [7]
  • Mrs. Catherine Murphy, (b. 1816), aged 24, British settler travelling from England aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 14th November 1840 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Murphy (post 1700) +

  • Dale R. "Murph" Murphy (1961-1991), aged 30, American crew member from Bradenton Beach, Florida of the Andrea Gail, lost during the "Perfect Storm" of 1991; the crew members' plight was inspiration of the 1997 book and a 2000 film adaptation of the same name
  • Matthew Tyler Murphy (1929-2018), known as Matt "Guitar" Murphy, an American blues guitarist, known for his work with The Blues Brothers and Howlin' Wolf
  • Diana E. Murphy (1934-2018), American jurist, Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (2016-2018)
  • Charles Hurt "Chuck" Murphy III (d. 2018), American prelate, Bishop of the Anglican Mission in the Americas
  • Charles Quinton "Charlie" Murphy (1959-2017), American actor, comedian, voice artist, and writer; older brother of Eddie Murphy
  • Joan Patricia Murphy (1936-1937), née O'Malley, American Democratic politician and member of the Cook County Board of Commissioners
  • Mark Murphy (1932-2015), American six-time Grammy Award nominated jazz singer based in New York; Down Beat magazine readers jazz poll Best Male Vocalist of the Year in 1996, 1997, 2000, and 2001
  • Francis William Murphy (1890-1949), American lawyer and politician
  • Morgan Francis Murphy (1932-2016), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois (1971-1973)
  • John Benjamin Murphy (1857-1916), American physician and abdominal surgeon who operated on President Theodore Roosevelt after his assassination attempt
  • ... (Another 37 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. William Bristow Murphy, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [8]
  • Mr. Jack Murphy, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [8]
  • Mr. Peter Murphy, British Leading Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [8]
  • Mr. John Murphy, British Quartermaster from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [8]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Eliza  Murphy (1857-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. Martin E.  Murphy (1860-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [9]
  • Mr. John  Murphy (1862-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. Patrick  Murphy (1864-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mrs. Mary A.  Murphy (1870-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Frank E Murphy (b. 1920), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Eastbourne, Sussex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. George Albert Murphy, British Gun Commander, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Arthur Quirk Murphy (b. 1918), British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. John Anthony Murphy (b. 1923), British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Thomas Murphy (1919-1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • Peter Murphy (1922-1939), British Boy Signalman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Mary Geraldine Murphy (1937-1988), English Purser from Middlesex, England, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Dennis Murphy, English Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Matthew Murphy, Irish Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. James Murphy, Irish Fireman from Swords, Dublin, Ireland, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. John Henry Murphy, English First Waiter from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [15]
RMS Titanic
  • Miss Nora Murphy, aged 34, Irish Third Class passenger from Dublin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [16]
  • Miss Catherine "Kate" Murphy, aged 18, Irish Third Class passenger from Aghnacliffe, Longford who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [16]
  • Miss Margaret Jane "Maggie/Mary" Murphy, aged 25, Irish Third Class passenger from Fostragh, Longford who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 16 [16]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American Storekeeper First Class from Virginia, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. James Joseph Murphy, American Seaman First Class from Arizona, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. James Palmer Murphy, American Fireman Third Class from Ohio, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Jessie Huell Murphy, American Seaman First Class from Louisiana, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]


The Murphy Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fortis et hospitalis
Motto Translation: Brave and hospitable.


Suggested Readings for the name Murphy +

  • 54 The Ancestors and Descendants of Simon Jones and Ann M. (Dorr) Murphy by Marjorie Barnes Thompson, Early Murphy's, Murpheys in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Robertson and Carroll Counties, Tennessee by Marion Emerson Murphy.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/boddingtons
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bencoolen
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  9. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  14. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  16. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  17. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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