Mowbray History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Mowbray family, who lived in Northumberland. The name, however, is a reference to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, Montbrai, in La Manche, Normandy. However, another source claims the family claim descent from "the ancient barony of Mowbray, called by Odericus Vitalis Molbraium, [which] was identical with the village of Monbrai, in the canton or Perci, an arrondissement of St. Lo in Normandy." 
Early Origins of the Mowbray family
The surname Mowbray was first found in Northumberland Geoffrey de Montbray (d. 1093,) bishop of Coutances was a warrior, administrator and close assistant of William the Conqueror.
After the death of William, Geoffrey settled in Bristol, (as listed in the Domesday Book) where he built a strong castle but frequently feuded with William II." A strong castle was erected [at Thirsk in the North Riding of Yorkshire] about 979 by the family of Mowbray, where Roger de Mowbray in the time of Henry II., having become a confederate of the King of Scotland, erected his standard against his lawful sovereign: upon the suppression of the revolt, this fortress, with many others, was entirely demolished by order of the king."  The same Roger de Mowbray also held Bambrough Castle in Northumberland. "After the Norman Conquest it was held by Robert de Mowbray, on whose insurrection against William Rufus it was besieged, and, after an obstinate defence, surrendered to that monarch, who threatened, unless it were given up, to put out the eyes of Mowbray, who had been taken prisoner." 
The markettown and parish of Kirby-Malzeard in the West Riding of Yorkshire was another ancient family seat. "This place was the property of the Mowbray family, afterwards dukes of Norfolk, whose castle here was demolished in the reign of Henry II., and one of whom, John de Mowbray, obtained for the inhabitants in the reign of Edward I. a charter for a weekly market and two annual fairs." 
Early History of the Mowbray family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mowbray research. Another 209 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1297, 1366, 1399, 1377, 1396, 1444, 1476, 1475, 1225, 1314, 1365, 1399, 1397, 1385, 1405 and 1405 are included under the topic Early Mowbray History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Mowbray Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Mowbray, Moubray, Mowbrey, Moubrey and others.
Early Notables of the Mowbray family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Mowbray (1365-1399), an English nobleman, created 1st Duke of Norfolk in 1397, by King Richard II of England; and Thomas de Mowbray (1385-1405), 4th Earl of Norfolk, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 8th Baron Segrave, 7th Baron Mowbray, English nobleman and rebel, after death of father, allowed to succeed him as Earl of Norfolk and Nottingham. He received his father's...
Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mowbray Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Mowbray migration to the United States +
Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Mowbray or a variant listed above:
Mowbray Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Arthur Mowbray, who settled in South Carolina in 1746
Mowbray Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Philip Mowbray, aged 30, who landed in New York in 1812 
- W Mowbray, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855 
- Laura Mowbray, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855 
- Andrew, Hugh, Robert, Thomas, and William Mowbray, who all arrived at Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860
Mowbray migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Mowbray Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Miss Jane Mowbray who was convicted in Warwick, Warwickshire, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Aurora" on 22nd April 1851, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) 
Mowbray migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Mowbray Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Alexander Mowbray, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
- Mr. W. Mowbray, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Three Bells" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 13th July 1858 
- Mrs. Mowbray, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Three Bells" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 13th July 1858 
- William Mowbray, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Midlothian" in 1859
Contemporary Notables of the name Mowbray (post 1700) +
- Henry Siddons Mowbray (1858-1928), American artist
- Alan Mowbray (1896-1969), English-born, American actor
- Calvin W Mowbray, American Mayor of Cambridge, Maryland from 1960-1964
- Joel Mowbray, American columnist
- Lincoln J. Mowbray, American politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Delaware County, 1911 
- G. W. Mowbray Sr., American politician, Mayor of Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1903-04 
- Calvin W. Mowbray, American politician, Mayor of Cambridge, Maryland, 1960-64 
- Guy Nicholas Mowbray (b. 1972), English football commentator on British television
- Anthony Mark "Tony" Mowbray (b. 1963), English former professional football player
- Stephen de Mowbray (1925-2016), British counterintelligence officer in Britain's Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)
- ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Historic Events for the Mowbray family +
- Mr. John Henry Mowbray (b. 1904), British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking 
Related Stories +
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html