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Mountain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English , French



Early Origins of the Mountain family


The surname Mountain was first found in Essex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Dracon Mountigni of Calvados in Normandy who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. Robert de Munteigni was recorded in Essex in 1177. Alexander Muntini was in Essex in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273.

Early History of the Mountain family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mountain research.
Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 120 and 1208 are included under the topic Early Mountain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Mountain Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Mounteney, Mountenay, Montigni, Monteigni, Mountnay and many more.

Early Notables of the Mountain family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Mountain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Mountain family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Jo Mountain, aged 20, who landed in St Christopher in 1635 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Alice Mountain, who arrived in Virginia in 1733

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Mountain, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1802 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Dennis Mountain, who died on route in 1847
  • Benedictus Switzof Mountain, who settled in California in 1863
  • Daniel James Mountain, who settled in Michigan in 1870
  • William Mountain, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1875 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Mountain Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Robert Mountain, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1835
  • Mr. Dennis Mountain, aged 9 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Bee" departing 17th April 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 12th June 1847 but he died on board [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 90)
  • Mr. Dennis Mountain, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Bee" departing 17th April 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 12th June 1847 but he died on board [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 90)
  • Flora J. Mountain, who arrived in Prince Edward Island in 1891
  • Ann Mountain, who settled in Prince Edward Island in 1891

Mountain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Charles Mountain, aged 12, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian" [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BARQUE CAUCASIAN 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/caucasian1852.shtml
  • William Mountain, aged 15, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian" [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BARQUE CAUCASIAN 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/caucasian1852.shtml
  • Maria Mountain, aged 7, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian" [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BARQUE CAUCASIAN 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/caucasian1852.shtml
  • Margaret Mountain, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Constantine"
  • James Mountain, Welsh convict from Monmouth, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Contemporary Notables of the name Mountain (post 1700)


  • Worrall Frederick Mountain (1909-1992), American Republican politician, Superior Court Judge in New Jersey, 1966-71; Associate justice of New Jersey State Supreme Court, 1971-79 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Worrall F. Mountain, American politician, Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey, 1915-17 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • H. W. Mountain, American Republican politician, Mayor of Ironton, Ohio; Elected 1901 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Kenesaw Mountain Landis (1866-1944), American jurist/baseball commissioner

Historic Events for the Mountain family



Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. Thomas Mountain, British Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html

HMS Royal Oak

  • Francis Mountain (1917-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

Mountain Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 90)
  4. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BARQUE CAUCASIAN 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/caucasian1852.shtml
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  8. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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