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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, French


The history of the Mountain family goes back to the Medieval landscape of southern France, to a region known as Languedoc. It is derived from the family living on or near a hill. The surname could be translated as "dweller on the hill." Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old French word montaine, which means hill.

Mountain Early Origins



The surname Mountain was first found in Languedoc in south-east France where they were distinguished members of the aristocracy, and held a family seat at Montiver.

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Mountain Spelling Variations


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Mountain Spelling Variations



French surnames were subject to numerous alterations in spelling because of the various cultural groups that inhabited specific regions. Eventually, each region possessed its own local dialect of the French language. The early development of the French language, however, was also influenced by other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Mountain is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations of the name include Montaigne, Montaign, Montagne, Montagnat, Mountain, Lamontaigne, Lamontagne and many more.

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Mountain Early History


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Mountain Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mountain research. Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1533 and 1592 are included under the topic Early Mountain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Mountain Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Mountain Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Mountain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



France finally gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the 1700s. Early marriage was encouraged in New France, and youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries, leaving French names scattered across the continent. The search for the Northwest passage continued. Migration from France to New France or Quebec, as it was now more popularly called, continued until 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebe c. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In the treaty of Utrecht, the Acadians were ceded by France to Britain in 1713. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported. They found refuge in Louisiana. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada, one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Many of this distinguished family name Mountain were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Mountain were

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Jo Mountain, aged 20, landed in St Christopher in 1635

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Alice Mountain, who arrived in Virginia in 1733

Mountain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Mountain, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1802
  • Dennis Mountain, who died on route in 1847
  • Benedictus Switzof Mountain, who came to California in 1863
  • Daniel James Mountain, who came to Michigan in 1870
  • William Mountain, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1875
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Mountain Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Robert Mountain, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1835
  • Flora J. Mountain, who arrived in Prince Edward Island in 1891
  • Ann Mountain, who came to Prince Edward Island in 1891

Mountain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Charles Mountain, aged 12, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian"
  • William Mountain, aged 15, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian"
  • Maria Mountain, aged 7, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Caucasian"
  • Margaret Mountain, aged 19, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Constantine"
  • James Mountain, Welsh convict from Monmouth, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

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Contemporary Notables of the name Mountain (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Mountain (post 1700)



  • Worrall Frederick Mountain (1909-1992), American Republican politician, Superior Court Judge in New Jersey, 1966-71; Associate justice of New Jersey State Supreme Court, 1971-79
  • Worrall F. Mountain, American politician, Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey, 1915-17
  • H. W. Mountain, American Republican politician, Mayor of Ironton, Ohio; Elected 1901

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Mountain Historic Events


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Mountain Historic Events




Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. Thomas Mountain, British Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking on May 29th 1914

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Mountain Family Crest Products


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Mountain Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Other References

  1. Bentley, Elizabeth P. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York 1820-1829. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Print.
  2. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  3. Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0192852213).
  4. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  6. Vaillancourt, Emile. La Conquete du Canada par les Normands. Biographie de la premiere generation Normande du Canada. Montreal: G. Ducharme, 1930. Print.
  7. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  9. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  10. Annuaire Général Héraldique Universel. Paris: Institut Héraldique, 1901. Print.
  11. ...

The Mountain Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Mountain Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 June 2016 at 18:15.

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