Monaghan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Many variations of the name Monaghan have evolved since the time of its initial creation. In Gaelic it appeared as O Manachain, which is derived from the word "manach," which means "monk."

Early Origins of the Monaghan family

The surname Monaghan was first found in County Roscommon (Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland in the province of Connacht, where they held a family seat from ancient times.

Early History of the Monaghan family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Monaghan research. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 179 and 1798 are included under the topic Early Monaghan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Monaghan Spelling Variations

Many spelling variations of the surname Monaghan can be found in the archives. One reason for these variations is that ancient scribes and church officials recorded names as they were pronounced, often resulting in a single person being recorded under several different spellings. The different spellings that were found include Monaghan, Monahan, Monagham, Monahon, Monagan, Mongan, Monaugher, Monck and many more.

Early Notables of the Monaghan family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Monaghan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Monaghan migration to the United States +

Ireland became inhospitable for many native Irish families in the 19th centuries. Poverty, lack of opportunities, high rents, and discrimination forced thousands to leave the island for North America. The largest exodus of Irish settlers occurred with the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. For these immigrants the journey to British North America and the United States was long and dangerous and many did not live to see the shores of those new lands. Those who did make it were essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest and most powerful nations of the world. These Irish immigrants were not only important for peopling the new settlements and cities, they also provided the manpower needed for the many industrial and agricultural projects so essential to these growing nations. Immigration and passenger lists have documented the arrival of various people bearing the name Monaghan to North America:

Monaghan Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Patrick Monaghan, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 [1]
  • Edward Monaghan, who settled in Pensacola, FL in 1767
Monaghan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Bridget Monaghan, who settled in Boston in 1804
  • Edward Monaghan, who arrived in New York, NY in 1806
  • Henry Monaghan, who landed in America in 1811 [1]
  • Henry Monaghan, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1811
  • Catharine Monaghan, who arrived in Baltimore in 1825
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Monaghan migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Monaghan Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Catherine Monaghan, aged 22, a widow, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast, Ireland
  • James Monaghan, aged 24, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Trafalgar" from Galway, Ireland
  • Owen Monaghan, aged 26, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • William Monaghan, aged 24, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Dorcas Savage" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Mary Monaghan, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Dorcas Savage" from Belfast, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Monaghan migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Monaghan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Catherine Monaghan, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]
  • Frank Monaghan, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar" [3]
  • Mary Monaghan, aged 17, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar" [3]
  • John Monaghan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asia" in 1851 [4]
  • Matthew Monaghan, aged 38, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Monaghan migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Monaghan Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Sarah Monaghan, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Siam" in 1865
  • Miss Ann Monaghan, (b. 1847), aged 21, British general servant travelling from London aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 8th February 1869 [6]
  • Miss Mary Monaghan, (b. 1846), aged 24, Irish general servant, from County Tyrone travelling from London aboard the ship "Ramsey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 17th June 1870 [7]
  • Stephen Monaghan, aged 24, a butler, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "Dallam Tower" in 1875
  • Mr. Peter Monaghan, (b. 1855), aged 22, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Marlborough" arriving in Bluff, South Island, New Zealand on 4th November 1877 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Monaghan (post 1700) +

  • William J. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Michigan State House of Representatives 14th District, 1974 [8]
  • Thomas M. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Governor of Delaware, 1912; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Delaware, 1916 [8]
  • Thomas J. Monaghan, American politician, U.S. Attorney for Nebraska, 1993-98 [8]
  • Thomas J. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1958-62, 1966-74; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1964 [8]
  • Stephen D. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Postmaster at Gardiner, Maine, 1950 (acting, 1950) [8]
  • Thomas F. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Palisades Park, New Jersey; Elected 1930 [8]
  • Robert L. Monaghan, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1972 [8]
  • Robert E. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1876 [8]
  • Mary J. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1944 [8]
  • Mark E. Monaghan, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1936; Chair of Franklin County Democratic Party, 1936 [8]
  • ... (Another 25 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) TRAFALGAR 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Trafalgar-March.htm
  4. ^ State Library of South Australia. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) ASIA 1851 from London 12 05 1851 and southampton with Captain Roskell, arrived Port Adelaide on 1-09-1851. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Asia.htm
  5. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHOEBE DUNBAR 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/phoebedunbar1852.shtml
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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