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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2017

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Multiple Origins for the Surname Marks



The Marks history begins in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. Quite distinct from Devon, the adjoining county, Cornwall had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Marks history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. The Marks family originally lived on a boundary between two districts. The surname Marks is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.

Marks Early Origins



The surname Marks was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

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Marks Spelling Variations


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Marks Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.

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Marks Early History


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Marks Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marks research. Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Marks Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Marks Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Marks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Marks In Ireland


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Marks In Ireland



Some of the Marks family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Marks:

Marks Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Walgrave Marks, who landed in Virginia in 1624-1625 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Richard Marks, aged 19, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Brice Marks, who arrived in Virginia in 1638 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Marks Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Marks, who landed in New York in 1709 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Ann Marks, who landed in Georgia in 1738 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Hugh Marks, who landed in Georgia in 1738 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • William Marks, aged 37, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1740 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • George Marks, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1761 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marks Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Marks, aged 30, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Robert Marks, aged 27, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • James Marks, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1833 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Mathias D Marks, who landed in Mississippi in 1843 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Wilhelm Marks, aged 31, who arrived in New York, NY in 1847 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marks Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. John Marks U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. John Lawrence Marks U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Nehemiah Marks U.E. (b. 1747) born in Derby, Connecticut, USA who settled in St. Stephen, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 member of the Port Matoon Association and Penobscot Association, he died in 1799 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. William Marks U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Marks Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Philip Marks, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  • William Marks, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  • Richard Marks, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Hartley" in 1837 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARTLEY 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Hartley.htm
  • Thomas Marks, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Hartley" in 1837 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARTLEY 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Hartley.htm
  • William Marks, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Hartley" in 1837 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARTLEY 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Hartley.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marks Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Morris Marks, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Catherine Marks, aged 30, a servant, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "London" in 1840
  • Daniel Marks, aged 21, who arrived in Bluff, New Zealand aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" in 1875
  • Albert Marks, aged 16, a tailor, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Arethusa" in 1879
  • Arthur Marks, aged 19, a tailor, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Arethusa" in 1879

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Contemporary Notables of the name Marks (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Marks (post 1700)



  • Brigadier-General Edwin Hall Marks (1887-1967), American Commanding General Fort Belvoir, Virginia (1941-1942) [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2013, February 12) Edwin Marks. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Marks/Edwin_Hall/USA.html
  • Laurence Marks (1915-1993), American writer for radio and television shows including M*A*S*H
  • Leopold Samuel Marks (1920-2001), English cryptographer, screenwriter and playwright, best known for his screenplay Peeping Tom
  • Simon Marks (1888-1964), English businessman
  • David Marks, English psychologist and professor at City University, London
  • John M.P. Marks (b. 1952), Australian former professional tennis player; he defeated Arthur Ashe in the 1978 Australian Open to finish as runner-up in singles, seven-time doubles winner
  • Dennis Howard Marks (1945-2016), Welsh drug smuggler turned author
  • Don Marks (1953-2016), Canadian writer, director and producer
  • Louis Marks (1928-2010), British television writer and script editor for the BBC
  • Alfred Marks (1921-1996), British comic actor and comedian
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Marks Historic Events


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Marks Historic Events




Empress of Ireland

  • Mrs. Marion Marks (1874-1914), née Alexander British First Class Passenger returning from Suva, Fiji who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  • Mr. Gabriel Marks (1871-1914), British First Class Passenger returning from Suva, Fiji who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html

Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. Martin Gay  Marks (1862-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917 [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Frederick J Marks, British Musician, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

RMS Lusitania

  • Miss Georgina Marks, English 3rd Class passenger from Bristol, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Marks, English 3rd Class passenger from Bristol, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. J. Marks (d. 1912), aged 26, English Assistant Pantry man Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

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Suggested Readings for the name Marks


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Suggested Readings for the name Marks



  • The LH7 Ranch in Houston's Shadow: The E.H. Marks Legacy from Longhorns to the Salt Grass Trail by Deborah Lightfoot Sizemore.
  • Marks-Barnett Families and Their Kin by Marion Dewoody Pettigrew.

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Marks Family Crest Products


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Marks Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARTLEY 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Hartley.htm
  6. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2013, February 12) Edwin Marks. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Marks/Edwin_Hall/USA.html
  7. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  8. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  9. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  10. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  11. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html

Other References

  1. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  2. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  3. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  4. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  5. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  7. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  8. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  9. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  11. ...

The Marks Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marks Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 January 2017 at 09:15.

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