The Markes history begins in Cornwall
, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England
. Quite distinct from Devon
, the adjoining county, Cornwall
had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Markes history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. The Markes family originally lived on a boundary between two districts. The surname Markes is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.
Early Origins of the Markes family
The surname Markes was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Markes family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Markes research.Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Markes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Markes Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.
Early Notables of the Markes family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Markes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Markes family to Ireland
Some of the Markes family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Markes family to the New World and Oceana
In the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Markes
Markes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Anne, Henry, John, Peter, Thomas and Richard Markes, who settled in Virginia in 1663
- William Markes, who arrived in Maryland in 1670 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)