Origins Available: English
The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall
, the homeland to the Marke family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames
arose is interesting. Local
surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Marke family originally lived on a boundary between two districts. The surname Marke is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.
Early Origins of the Marke family
The surname Marke was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Marke family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marke research.Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marke Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.
Early Notables of the Marke family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Marke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marke family to Ireland
Some of the Marke family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marke family to the New World and Oceana
The records on immigrants and ships' passengers show a number of people bearing the name Marke:
Marke Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Elizabeth Marke, who settled in Virginia in 1654
- Anthony Marke, who arrived in Maryland in 1661 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Marke Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Robert Marke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Munn" in 1849 CITATION[CLOSE]
State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN MUNN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnMunnPassengers.htm