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Marches History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Origins Available: English, French

Cornwall in southwestern England provides the original birthplace of the surname Marches. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Marches history began on a boundary between two districts. The surname Marches is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the geography of the area were used to distinguish people from one another.

Early Origins of the Marches family

The surname Marches was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

Early History of the Marches family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marches research.
Another 141 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marches History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marches Spelling Variations

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Mark, Marks, Markes, Marke and others.

Early Notables of the Marches family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Marches Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marches family to Ireland

Some of the Marches family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 222 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marches family to the New World and Oceana

A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Marches:

Marches Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Marches, who settled in Philadelphia in 1836

Marches Family Crest Products

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