Maire History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Maire name was coined by the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Maire was originally a name given to someone who worked as a person who held the office of mayor. The surname was originally derived from the Old English word maire, which referred to the officer who was in charge of executing summonses and other legal matters. Therefore, the original bearer of the surname Maire held the office of Mayor. 
Early Origins of the Maire family
The surname Maire was first found in Cheshire at Mere, a township, in the parish of Rosthern, union of Altrincham, hundred of Bucklow. The place name dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was first listed as Mera.  Literally, the place name means "(place at) the pool or lake," from the Old English word "mere."  Alternatively, the surname could have originated at Mere in Wiltshire, a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in the hundred of Mere. This parish was listed in the Domesday Book, but with the current spelling of Mere.  In this case, "the name of this place is derived from the Saxon word Mæra, signifying bounds or limits, and indicates its situation on the borders of the counties of Wilts, Somerset, and Dorset. In 1253, permission was given by Henry III. to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to build and fortify a castle on his manor of Mere, and the manor has ever since been attached to the duchy of Cornwall. " 
The family was listed in the Roll of Battle Abbey as companions to William the Conqueror. "The descendants of this Norman knight occupied a prominent position in Staffordshire, in the time of the early Plantagenets. William de Mere occurs as High Sheriff of that county, temp. Edward II., and in the next reign, Peter de la Mere filled the Speaker's chair in the House of Commons. At an early period, the family possessed the manor of Maer, co. Stafford, and are also found resident at Norton, in the Moors. "  For centuries the township of Lartington in the North Riding of Yorkshire belonged to the Maire family until the 16th century when it was passed by marriage to the Lawsons, of Brough. 
Early History of the Maire family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Maire research. Another 158 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1453, 1477, 1544, 1379, 1467, 1550 and are included under the topic Early Maire History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Maire Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Maire are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Maire include: Maire, Myer, Myers, Mair, Maires, Mayers, Meyers, Meire, Meir, Mere and many more.
Early Notables of the Maire family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Maire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Maire family to Ireland
Some of the Maire family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Maire migration to the United States +
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Maire or a variant listed above:
Maire Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Casper Maire, aged 20, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732 
Maire Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Jose De Maire, aged 26, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1826 
- Mrs. E Maire, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 
- Joseph Maire, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1854 
Contemporary Notables of the name Maire (post 1700) +
- Edmond Maire (1931-2017), French labor union leader, secretary general of the French Democratic Confederation of Labour from 1971 to 1988
- Simon Hubert Maire, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 
- Jacques Maire, French Comedian
- Maire Mullen (b. 1953), winner of the 1998 Tony Award for Best Actress
- Maire Geoghegan-Quinn (b. 1950), Irish journalist and Government Minister and, Member of the Irish Parliament (Dáil Éireann) from 1975 until 1997
- Maire O'Neill (1885-1952), Irish stage and film actress
Related Stories +
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, April 14) Simon Maire. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html