Mainland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

When the ancestors of the Mainland family emigrated to England following the Norman Conquest in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived in Maien, or Mayene, from Mayenne in Maine, Normandy and was a powerful baronial house, with Walter de Maynne listed in 976. [1]

Early Origins of the Mainland family

The surname Mainland was first found in Devon at King's Nympton, a parish, in the union of South Molton, hundred of Witheridge. The manor, which was parcel of the ancient demesne of the crown, was granted by King John to Joel de Mayne, by whose rebellion it was again vested in the crown: it was given by Henry III. to Roger le Zouch. [2]

"Judael of Mayenne had a vast barony in Devon in 1086, and his family long continued there. In 1165 Walter Fitz Juel de Mayenne (de Meduana) held a barony of twenty-one knight's fees in Kent." [3]

Judael appears in the Domesday Book as Judhel de Totenais, so named for the barony of Totness. He is probably the grandfather of Juhel de Meduana who witnesses one of the Empress Maud's charters to Geoffrey de Mandeville. Nicholas de Meduana, of Dorset and Somerset are listed in the Great Roll of the Pipe (Pipe Rolls) 1 Richard I. [1]

Early History of the Mainland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mainland research. Another 102 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1140, 1544, 1577, 1612, 1661, 1633, 1711, 1702, 1711, 1705, 1708, 1654, 1683, 1668, 1631, 1654 and are included under the topic Early Mainland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Mainland Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Mainland has been recorded under many different variations, including Main, Maine, Mayne and others.

Early Notables of the Mainland family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Saint Cuthbert Mayne (1544-1577), an English Roman Catholic priest and martyr of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation; Simon Mayne (1612-1661), English Member of Parliament from Dinton Hall in Buckinghamshire, one of the regicides of King Charles I; and Lieutenant-General Edmund Maine (1633-1711), an English soldier and politician, Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed (1702-1711) and Member of Parliament for Morpeth (1705-1708.) Alexander DelaMaine ( fl. 1654-1683), the Muggletonian...
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mainland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Mainland family to Ireland

Some of the Mainland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Mainland migration to the United States +

To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Mainlands were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America:

Mainland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Mainland, aged 35, who arrived in New York in 1892 aboard the ship "State of California" from Glasgow via Moville [4]
  • Magnus Mainland, aged 19, originally from Orkney, who arrived in New York in 1898 aboard the ship "Furnessia" from Glasgow, Scotland [5]
Mainland Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • James Mainland, originally from Scotland, who arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Toromeo" from Liverpool, England [6]
  • Wm. Learmonth Mainland, aged 19, originally from Verkie, Scotland, who arrived in New York in 1920 aboard the ship "Columbia" from Glasgow, Scotland [7]
  • Henry Mainland, aged 45, who arrived in New York in 1924 aboard the ship "Chalmette" from Nuevitas, Cuba [8]

New Zealand Mainland migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Mainland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J. Mainland, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Three Bells" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 13th July 1858 [9]

Contemporary Notables of the name Mainland (post 1700) +

  • May Harris Mainland, American politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 2nd District, 1920; Candidate for New York State Assembly from Queens County 5th District, 1922 [10]


The Mainland Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Projeci
Motto Translation: I have thrown away.


  1. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 2 of 3
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6TX-YPV : 6 December 2014), James Mainland, 26 Apr 1892; citing departure port Glasgow via Moville, arrival port New York, ship name State of California, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  5. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JXH8-CPV : 6 December 2014), Magnus Mainland, 09 May 1898; citing departure port Glasgow, arrival port New York, ship name Furnessia, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  6. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6QZ-7MG : 6 December 2014), James Mainland, 20 Jan 1919; citing departure port Liverpool, England, arrival port New York, ship name Toromeo, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  7. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J66V-TT1 : 6 December 2014), Wm. Learmonth Mainland, 04 Feb 1920; citing departure port Glasgow, arrival port New York, ship name Columbia, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  8. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JNCJ-RM2 : 6 December 2014), Henry Mainland, 13 Jul 1924; citing departure port Nuevitas, Cuba, arrival port New York, ship name Chalmette, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 7) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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