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The distinguished surname Linnell is a proud example of one of the more noteworthy Scottish surnames. In Scotland, hereditary surnames were adopted according to fairly general rules and during the late Middle Ages, names that were derived from localities became increasingly widespread. Local names originally denoted the proprietorship of the village or estate.The Linnell family originally lived in the Norman settlement of Lyons-la-Foret, before migrating to England and Scotland.

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The surname Linnell was first found in Perthshire where Sir Roger de Lyon settled in Scotland in 1098 and called the lands there Glen Lyon. "According to the family tradition the Lyons came to Scotland from France, by way of England, in the course of the twelfth century." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
"John de Lyon obtained from David II a grant of the baronies of Forteviot and Fergundeny in Perthshire and Drumgawan in Aberdeenshire; his son, Sir John Lyon, was Secretary to Robert II, whose youngest daughter, Lady Jane Stewart, he married, and was created Lord Glamis, made Great Chamberlain, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and received grants of the Thanedom of Glamis in Forfarshire, and of the Barony of Kinghorn in Fifeshire. " [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Sims, Clifford Stanley The Origin and Signification of Scottish Surnames. 1862. Print.
Another source claims that the family arrived via England later. "The name was not uncommon in England in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and landowners of the name were in occupation in several of the English shires in the reigns of Edward I and Edward II. The first of the name recorded in Scotland, probably an English soldier, was Thomas Lyon, crossbowman, who formed one of the garrison of Linlithgow peel in the pay of Edward II. " [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Mention should now be made of the numerous listings of the family in England at about the same time. Here it is generally thought that the first record of the name was Roger de Leonibus filius Jeffrey de Lions who was listed in the Feet of Fines of Norfolk during the reign of Henry III of England (reign 1216-1272.) The same source lists John de Leonibus in Southamptonshire and Peter de Leonibus in Northamptonshire. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Judaeus Leo and Jacob filius Leonis in Lincolnshire; John Leon in Oxfordshire; and Roger de Lyons, Wiltshire. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Spelling variations of this family name include: Lyon, Lions, Lyons and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Linnell research. Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1105, 1203, 1643, 1695, 1663, 1712, 1696, 1715, 1715, 1715, 1702, 1707 and are included under the topic Early Linnell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable among the family at this time was John Lyon, 2nd Earl of Kinghorne; and his son, Patrick Lyon, 3rd Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1643-1695), a Scottish peer; John Lyon, 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1663-1712), a Scottish peer; John Lyon, 5th...

Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Linnell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Linnell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Linnell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Jesse Wright Linnell, aged 52, landed in Mobile, Ala in 1845
  • Johan Linnell, aged 34, landed in New York in 1846
  • Olof Linnell, aged 12, landed in America in 1852
  • Joseph Linnell, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1876

Linnell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Timothy Linnell arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Mary Linnell arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Robert Linnell, aged 24, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
  • Elizabeth Linnell, aged 25, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
  • George Linnell, aged 3, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Steinwarder" in 1864
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  • James Linnell, American writer, teacher, and director
  • John Sidney Linnell (b. 1959), American musician
  • William Shepherd Linnell (1885-1968), American Republican politician, Member of Maine Governor's Council, 1925-28; Member of Maine Republican State Committee, 1928 Republican National Convention from Maine, 1936; Member of Republican National Committee from Maine, 1937-40
  • Robert S. Linnell, American politician, U.S. Attorney for Nevada, 1969; U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Washington, 1977
  • Irving Nelson Linnell (1881-1954), American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Vancouver, 1916-17; U.S. Consul in Plymouth, 1920; London, 1922; U.S. Consul General in Ottawa, 1927-31; Cape Town, 1932; Canton, 1938
  • Frank S. Linnell, American Republican politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Canterbury, 1904
  • Bob Linnell, American politician, Mayor of Bountiful, Utah; Elected 1989
  • Air Marshal Sir Francis John Linnell KBE CB (1892-1944), British military officer, Controller of Research and Development of the Ministry of Aircraft Production, posthumous recipient of the Legion of Merit by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • John Linnell (b. 1729), 18th-century English cabinet-maker and designer
  • Stuart Linnell MBE, English broadcaster for the BBC
  • ...
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Pro rege et patria
Motto Translation: For King and country.

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Citations



  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Sims, Clifford Stanley The Origin and Signification of Scottish Surnames. 1862. Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Other References

  1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  2. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  5. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  8. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  9. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  10. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  11. ...

The Linnell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Linnell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 21 January 2016 at 13:50.

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