The Jerarde name is an important part of the history of the ancient Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. Jerarde is derived from the son of Gerard.
The surname Jerarde was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard
which meant spear-brave.
In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, after the Norman Conquest
which meant son,
were the most common patronymic
suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius,
which meant son.
By the 14th century, the suffix son
had replaced these earlier versions. Surnames that were formed with filius
were more common in the north of England
and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.
Early Origins of the Jerarde family
The surname Jerarde was first found in Lancashire
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times. The Gerrard family name, also spelled Gerard and Jarrard, is traced by historians to the grandson of Edward the Confessor (1004-1066). In England
the name was first recorded in the Domesday Book
in 1086. Gerard (died 21 May 1108), was Lord Chancellor of England
(1085-1092) appointed by William I, and later Archbishop of York (1100-1108.) He may have been with the king's hunting party when William II was killed, as he witnessed the first charter issued by the new king, Henry I of England
, a few days later. Windle with Hardshaw in Lancashire
was home to the family in later years. "In the reign of Edward III., the manor was held under William Boteler by Peter de Burnhull, with whose heiress the Gerards acquired the property; and this latter family are the present lords. Windle Hall belongs to Sir John Gerard, Bart., at whose annual court lor the manor of Windle, officers are chosen for the township." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Jerarde family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jerarde research.Another 253 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1177, 1545, 1611, 1593, 1559, 1581, 1564, 1618, 1622, 1613, 1640, 1634, 1667, 1587, 1670, 1617, 1680, 1641, 1660, 1618, 1683, 1660, 1687, 1661, 1685, 1659, 1701, 1689 and 1694 are included under the topic Early Jerarde History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Jerarde Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon
surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Jerarde were recorded, including Gerrard, Gerard, Jarrard, Jared, Garrad, Garred, Jarratt, Jarrett and many more.
Early Notables of the Jerarde family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John Gerard (Gerarde) (1545-1611), an English botanist and herbalist, who maintained a large herbal garden in London, eponym of the botanical genus Gerardia; Sir Gilbert Gerard (died 1593), a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner who served six times as a member of the... Another 139 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jerarde Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Jerarde family to the New World and Oceana
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Jerarde family emigrate to North America: Richard Gerrard, who landed in Maryland in 1634; Gilbert Gerrard, who settled in Virginia in 1643; Elizabeth Gerrard, who came to Maryland in 1650; Susan Gerrard, who arrived in Barbados in 1686.