Jelling History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Jelling family

The surname Jelling was first found in Yorkshire at either Gilling East or Gilling West, two villages that both date back to the Domesday Book of 1086. Gilling West is thought to be older as there are records of it Saxon times as Ingetlingum. [1]

Gilling Abbey, a medieval Anglo-Saxon monastery is generally thought to have been located there, but some historians believe that it was located in Gilling East. The abbey was founded by Queen Eanflæd, the wife of King Oswiu of Northumbria (c. 612-670.)

"This is a place of great antiquity, and remarkable as the scene of the murder of Oswy, King of Deira, by his host, Oswin of Bernicia; in expiation of which crime, a monastery was founded on the spot by Queen Eanfleda; but not the slightest vestige of it can now be traced. Gilling Castle, situated in a fine park on the west of the village, was built by Alan, Earl of Richmond, to repel the frequent attacks of the Saxons and Danes for the recovery of their lost estates. " [2]

Again, both villages are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 but with slightly different spellings: Ghellinge (Gilling East); and Ghellinges (Gilling West.) At that time, the lands of Gilling, were held by Count Alan. Literally, the place name means "settlement of the family or followers of a man called Gythla or Getla," from the Old English personal name + "-ingas." [1]

One of the first records of the name as a surname was Grim de Gilling who was listed in the Pipe Rolls for Yorkshire in 1198. A few years later, Gericus de Gilling was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls for Yorkshire in 1208 and later, John de Gilling was listed there in 1306. [3]

Early History of the Jelling family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jelling research. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1354, 1273, 1662, 1725 and 1712 are included under the topic Early Jelling History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jelling Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Gilling, Gillings, Jilling, Jillings, Gillions, Gillion, Gellion, Jelling, Jellings, Gillian and many more.

Early Notables of the Jelling family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Isaac Gilling (1662?-1725), English Presbyterian minister, elder son of Richard Gilling, baker, born at Stogumber, Somersetshire. "Gilling, who was a scholarly and genial divine, kept a flourishing boarding-school at Newton Abbot, and got into...
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jelling Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Australia Jelling migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Jelling Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Hugh Jelling, (Jellings, Jennings, Joseph Dignum), (b. 1801), aged 30, Irish weaver who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for life for highway robbery, transported aboard the "Bussorah Merchant" on 16th August 1831, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [4]


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bussorah-merchant


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