Jeffery History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Jeffery surname is a patronymic name that comes from the personal names Geoffrey and Godfrey. These names appear in Old English as Geffrey and in Old French as Jefroi or Jeufroi.

Goisfridus, Gaufridus and Gosfridus are all listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. [1] At this time people tended to only use a surname; forenames came years later. Galfridus was listed in Lincolnshire c. 1150 and Simon filius Gosfrei was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls for Norfolk in 1210. Walter Geffrei was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls for Norfolk in 1203 and Gefray was listed in the Assize Rolls for Somerset in 1243. [2]

Geoffrey (d. 1093), was "Bishop of Coutances, [who] came of a noble Norman family settled at Montbrai, or, as pronounced in English, Mowbray, in the arrondissement of St. Lô; he was brother of Roger of Mowbray, and his sister Amicia married Roger of Albini. He was consecrated bishop of Coutances at Rouen on 10 April 1048, and is described as tall, handsome, and prudent." [3]

Geoffrey of Gorham (d. 1146), was Abbot of St. Albans, and "was descended from ancestors of noble rank both in Normandy and in Maine, of which county he was a native. " [3]

Geoffrey of Monmouth (1100?-1154), "otherwise Galfridus or Gaufridus Arturus, Galfridus Monemutensis, styled by Welsh writers Galffrai or Gruffyd ab Arthur, bishop of St. Asaph and chronicler, was either born or bred at Monmouth about the commencement of the twelfth century, and may have been at one time a monk of the Benedictine abbey there. He was the son of Arthur, who, according to Welsh authorities, was family priest of William, Earl of Gloucester, an apocryphal personage." [3]

Early Origins of the Jeffery family

The surname Jeffery was first found in the Domesday Book of 1086 where early forms of the name were found: Goisfridus, Gaufridus, Gosfridus. Later in Lincolnshire, Galfridus was found c. 1150. It wasn't until 1210, for the name to emerge with a forename: Simian filius Gosfrie in the Curia Regis Rolls for Norfolk. Agnes Geffreys was found in the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk in 1283 and a few years later, Robert Geoffray was listed in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire in 1293. [2]

Early History of the Jeffery family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jeffery research. Another 198 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1327, 1327, 1327, 1332, 1333, 1340, 1379, 1450, 1499, 1566, 1689, 1723, 1645, 1689, 1610, 1685, 1643, 1613, 1703, 1674, 1685 and 1613 are included under the topic Early Jeffery History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jeffery Spelling Variations

The Welsh have an extremely large amount of spelling variations of their native surnames to their credit. It was up to the priest or the scribe taking the official records to determine how the spoken name was to be made literal. As time progressed, the old Brythonic names of Wales were recorded in English, which was especially problematic since the English language had extreme difficulty recording the highly inflected sounds of Cymraeg. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual's design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The spelling variations of the name Jeffery have included Jeffreys, Jeffereys, Jefferies, Jeffers, Jefferis, Jefferyes, Jefferys, Jeffries, Jeffry, Jeffs, Jefries and many more.

Early Notables of the Jeffery family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem (1645-1689), Welsh jurist & politician, known as "The Hanging Judge," Lord Chancellor of Britain; George Jeffreys (ca.1610-1685), an English composer and organist to King Charles I at Oxford in 1643; and Sir Robert Geffrye (1613-1703), a Cornish merchant, Sheriff of London in 1674 and Lord Mayor of London in 1685. He was the "son of Robert Geffrey of...
Another 74 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jeffery Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Jeffery family to Ireland

Some of the Jeffery family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Jeffery migration to the United States +

North America in the 1800s and 1900s saw the arrival of many Welsh people hoping to share in the wealth of land, work, and freedom that they felt North America held. Those who made the journey often attained those expectations, but only through an enormous amount of hard work, perseverance, and often a bout of good luck. These immigrants helped contribute to the growth of industry, commerce, and culture of both Canada and the United States. Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Jeffery:

Jeffery Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Samuell Jeffery, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [4]
  • John Jeffery, who landed in Maryland in 1669 [4]
Jeffery Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Stephen Jeffery, who landed in New York in 1822 [4]
  • Henry Jeffery, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1838 [4]
  • John Jeffery, aged 32, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1852 [4]

Canada Jeffery migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Jeffery Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Jeffery, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
Jeffery Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Henry Jeffery, (b. 1831), aged 24, Cornish labourer, from Calstock, Cornwall, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he survived the sinking [5]
  • Mrs. Maria Jeffery, (b. 1830), aged 25, Cornish settler, from Calstock, Cornwall, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [5]
  • Miss Mary A. Jeffery, (b. 1851), aged 4, Cornish settler, from Calstock, Cornwall, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [5]
  • Mr. William Henry Jeffery, (b. 1854), aged 1, Cornish settler, from Calstock, Cornwall, UK departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he died in the sinking [5]
  • W Jeffery, who landed in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Australia Jeffery migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Jeffery Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Jeffery, (b. 1811), aged 16, British Errand Boy who was convicted in Sussex, England for life for house breaking, transported aboard the "Asia" on 19th November 1827, settling in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1881 [6]
  • Mr. Edward Jeffery, (b. 1799), aged 29 who was convicted in Kent, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bussorah Merchant" on 24th March 1828, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. John Jeffery, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 7th August 1832, sentenced for life for stealing cattle, transported aboard the ship "Neva" on 27th July 1833 to New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Mr. William Jeffery, British Convict who was convicted in Barnstaple, Devonshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 25th April 1840, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [9]
  • Elias Jeffery, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Baboo" in 1840 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Jeffery migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Jeffery Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Jeffery, aged 25, a farmer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburgh" in 1840
  • MAry Jeffery, aged 3, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburgh" in 1840
  • William Jeffery, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Harkaway" in 1858
  • George Jeffery, aged 24, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872
  • Mrs. Harriett Jeffery, (b. 1854), aged 20, Cornish settler departing on 18th September 1874 aboard the ship "Geraldine Paget" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 27th December 1874 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Jeffery (post 1700) +

  • Alshon Jeffery (b. 1990), American NFL football wide receiver with the Chicago Bears
  • Sophia E. Jeffery, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1996 [12]
  • Scott A. Jeffery, American Libertarian politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 15th District, 2000 [12]
  • Robert Emmett Jeffery (1875-1935), American politician, Member of Arkansas State Legislature, 1900; State Court Judge in Arkansas, 1910-15; U.S. Minister to Uruguay, 1915-21 [12]
  • James Jeffery, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Idaho, 2004 [12]
  • Harry S. Jeffery, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 6th District, 1920 [12]
  • David E. Jeffery, American Republican politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Niagara County 1st District, 1920-23; Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1948 [12]
  • Mr. Herbert John Allan Jeffery B.E.M., British recipient of Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to the community in Axminster, Devon [13]
  • Valentine Max Jeffery AFSM OAM (1934-2017), Australian politician, Member of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly for Brindabella in 2016
  • Keith John Jeffery MRIA (1952-2016), Northern Irish historian, awarded the Prince Consort Prize (1978), Seeley Medal (1978) and Templer Medal (2007)
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Dorsetshire
  • Percy George Henry Jeffery (d. 1945), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Harry Jeffery, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [15]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Charles Thomas Jeffery, American 1st Class Passenger from Kenosha, Wisconsin, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [16]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. William Alfred Jeffery (d. 1912), aged 28, English Controller from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [17]


Suggested Readings for the name Jeffery +

  • 325 A Genealogical Record of the Descendants of James Jeffery by Dale Hanks.

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1827
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bussorah-merchant
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1840
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BABOO 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Baboo.htm
  11. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, December 8) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  14. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  15. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  16. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  17. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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