Irlend History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The story of the Irlend family is rich with Scottish history. It begins in the ancient kingdom of Dalriada where Irlend evolved as a name for some who lived in Ireland. According to tradition, this surname originated when emigrants from Ireland acquired the Norman surnames of de Yrlande and le Ireis. Eventually, some of the descendants of these emigrants returned to the Emerald Isle as strangers. The names went through further changes, first occurring in their modern forms by 1664, in the Hearth Money Rolls for Armagh. The surnames Ireland and Irish were formerly well-known in Couny Kilkenny, but are now primarily found in Ulster. 
These names provide an interesting example of Hiberno-Norman name formation in that, unlike most Norman names in Ireland, they did not originate with people of Norman stock who then migrated to Ireland. Rather, they originated with Irish migrants who moved to Norman-speaking regions, gained their surnames, and then returned to Ireland. The word "Ireland" goes back to the Old English Iraland, created using the Celtic Ir.
Early Origins of the Irlend family
The surname Irlend was first found in Stirlingshire, where one of the first records of the name was John Yberniens de Frertun who was a witness in 1288. Patrick of Ireland, was accused of housebreaking at Forfar, was hanged in 1296. David de Ireland was one of the Scots prisoners taken at Dunbar Castle in 1296; and cattle belonging to Walter de Ibemia were driven off from a moor near Aberdeen in the same year. Robert de Irland of Stirlingshire rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. 
Some of the family were found further south in England. The township of Lydiate in Lancashire is one such place. "In the reign of Richard II., this place was possessed by a family of the local name, whose heiress married into the Blackburn family; and an heiress of the latter conveyed Lydiate to Thomas, son of Sir John Ireland, of the Hutt, and Hale. The Irelands continued to hold the property till the latter part of the 17th century." 
Another source notes "the family are descended from Sir John de Ireland of Lancashire, temp. William the Conqueror." 
The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included: Thomas de Ireland; Johannes de Yrland; Margereta Ireland; and Walterus Ireland as all holding lands there at that time. 
For a short period, Warrington, Lancashire was an early family seat of the family. The manor was originally held by the "Boteler family until nearly the end of the sixteenth century, when the Boteler manors and estates were broken up and the Irelands, who purchased the principal share, enfranchised the subordinate manors of the fee. It was purchased by Thomas Ireland, afterwards a knight, in 1597. In 1628, however, his son Thomas Ireland of Bewsey and Margaret his wife, together with George and Robert Ireland, joined in selling the manors of Warrington, Orford, and Arpley, with various lands and rents, to William Booth, eldest son of Sir George Booth, Baronet, of Dunham Massey in Cheshire." 
Early History of the Irlend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Irlend research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1336, 1489, 1524, 1454, 1600, 1636, 1679, 1677, 1678, 1678, 1679, 1929, 1624, 1675, 1654, 1675 and are included under the topic Early Irlend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Irlend Spelling Variations
Historical recordings of the name Irlend include many spelling variations. They include They are the result of repeated translations of the name from Gaelic to English and inconsistencies in spelling rules. Ireland, Ierland and others.
Early Notables of the Irlend family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Blessed William Ireland (1636-1679), alias Ironmonger, an English Jesuit. He the "eldest son of William Ireland of Crofton Hall, Yorkshire, by Barbara, daughter of Ralph (afterwards Lord) Eure of Washingborough, Lincolnshire. After being for some years confessor to the Poor Clares at Gravelines, he was in 1677 sent to the English mission, and shortly afterwards became procurator of the province in London. On the night of 28 Sept. 1678 he was arrested by a body of constables, headed by Titus Oates in person, and carried before the privy council, together with Thomas Jenison...
Another 151 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Irlend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Irlend family to Ireland
Some of the Irlend family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Irlend family
Scottish settlers arrived in many of the communities that became the backbones of the United States and Canada. Many stayed, but some headed west for the endless open country of the prairies. In the American War of Independence, many Scots who remained loyal to England re-settled in Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Scots across North America were able to recover much of their lost heritage in the 20th century as Clan societies and highland games sprang up across North America. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Irlends to arrive on North American shores: Martha Ireland settled in Boston in 1635; along with Mary, Samuel and Thomas; John Ireland settled in Virginia in 1640; William Ireland settled in New England in 1663..
Related Stories +
The Irlend Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Amor et pax
Motto Translation: Love and peace.
- ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Supplement to Irish Families. Baltimore: Genealogical Book Company, 1964. Print.
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Sims, Clifford Stanley The Origin and Signification of Scottish Surnames. 1862. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ 'Townships: Scarisbrick', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1907), pp. 265-276. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol3/pp265-276 [accessed 21 January 2017].