Inchlay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Inchlay first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived at Hinckley, in Leicestershire. The place-name Hinckley is derived from the Old English personal name Hynca, and leah, an Old English word that meant "forest clearing."

Early Origins of the Inchlay family

The surname Inchlay was first found in Leicestershire at Hinckley, a market town and parish that dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was listed as Hinchelie. [1]

"This place was created a barony soon after the Conquest, and was held by Hugh de Grentismenil, seneschal of England in the reigns of William Rufus and Henry I., who erected a stately castle and a church, and founded a small priory of Benedictine monks, which, before 1173, was granted as a cell to the abbey of Lyra, in Normandy, by Robert Blanchmaines, Earl of Leicester." [2]

One of the first records of the family was Anfred de Hinkelai who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Leicestershire in 1176. A few years later, Roger de Hinckelee was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls for Wiltshire in 1208 and later again, John de Hynkeley was found in the Subsidy Rolls for Staffordshire in 1332. [3]

Early History of the Inchlay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Inchlay research. Another 66 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1322, 1618, 1706, 1634, 1680, 1686, 1617, 1695 and 1617 are included under the topic Early Inchlay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Inchlay Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Inchlay has appeared include Hinkley, Hinkler, Hincle, Hinchley, Hinckley and others.

Early Notables of the Inchlay family (pre 1700)

Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Inchlay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Inchlay family

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Inchlay arrived in North America very early: Samuel Hinckley settled in New England with his wife Sarah and four children in 1634; Amos Hinckley settled in New York in 1851; Ebenezer Hinkley settled in Boston in 1765.



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)


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