Hyrtand History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Hyrtand name was coined by the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Hyrtand was originally a name given to someone who worked as a guardian of cattle or sheep. The surname Hyrtand is derived from the Old English word hierdeman, which means herdman.
Early Origins of the Hyrtand family
The surname Hyrtand was first found in Norfolk, where Osbert Hirdam was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1166. A few years later, Simon le Hyrdeman was found in the Pipe Rolls of Kent in 1181 and John le Herdman, Walter Herdman were found in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296. 
The Herder variant is very rare but in this case, Nicholas le Herder was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Somerset in 1327; and John Hurder was listed in Somerset in 1333. The name is derived from the Middle English word "herden," or "hurdern," literally meaning "to take care of, to tend," from the word "herdman." 
Early History of the Hyrtand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hyrtand research. Another 122 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1273, 1268, 1272, 1307, 1524, 1762 and are included under the topic Early Hyrtand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hyrtand Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Hyrtand are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Hyrtand include: Herdman, Herdsman, Hurdman, Heardman, Herder, Hearden, Herden, Hirdman and many more.
Early Notables of the Hyrtand family (pre 1700)
Another 25 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hyrtand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hyrtand family to Ireland
Some of the Hyrtand family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hyrtand family
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Hyrtand or a variant listed above: Lawrence Herder,who settled in Newfoundland in 1706; John Erdman who sailed to Philadelphia in 1737; G. Herder in Texas in 1836; Philip Hearden to Philadelphia, Pa. in 1851.
- Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)