Heywood History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Heywood family brought their name to England in the wave of migration after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Heywood is for a person who was in charge of protecting an enclosed forest from damage by vandals, animals, and poachers. The name was originally derived from the Old English haye, which meant enclosure. [1] Another source notes the name as an occupational name as in " 'the hayward,' a keeper of cattle, literally 'hedge-watcher'". [2]

"The duties of the hayward were of a varied nature. His chief task seems to have been to guard the cattle at pasture; but he also protected the crops from thieves, trimmed the hedges, etc. In old poems he is generally represented as carrying a horn." [3]

Early Origins of the Heywood family

The surname Heywood was first found in Lancashire at Heywood, a town and chapelry, in the township of Heap, parish and union of Bury, hundred of Salford. "Heywood, in the Saxon, denotes the site of a wood in a field, or a wood surrounded by fields; a family of the same name resided here for many generations. " [4]

Heywood Hall was long the residence of the ancestors of the baronet's family. [1]

The first record of the family was found in the Domesday Book of 1086 when Hauuart, an early spelling of the family name was listed in Yorkshire. [5]

Years later, Haward de Wihton was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1166 and later again, William, Stephen Haward was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Cheshire in 1332. [5]

As an occupational name, early records were scattered as the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Adam le Hayward in Devon; Roger le Hayward in Buckinghamshire; and Alicia le Heyward in Huntingdonshire.

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Robertus Hayward; and Magota Hayward. [2]

Early History of the Heywood family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Heywood research. Another 138 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1497, 1580, 1570, 1641, 1497, 1580, 1570, 1641, 1630, 1702, 1693, 1756, 1746 and 1809 are included under the topic Early Heywood History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Heywood Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Hayward, Heyward, Haward, Haywood, Heywood and others.

Early Notables of the Heywood family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir John Hayward, a noted Elizabethan historian; John Heywood (1497?-1580), an English poet, friend of Sir Thomas More, and a court musician and entertainer for Henry VII, Edward VI, and Queen Mary; Thomas Heywood (c.1570-1641), an English dramatist best known for "A Woman Killed with Kindness"...
Another 54 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Heywood Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Heywood migration to the United States +

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Heywood or a variant listed above:

Heywood Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • George Heywood, who landed in New England in 1638 [6]
  • Richard Heywood, who arrived in Virginia in 1652 [6]
  • John Heywood, who arrived in New England in 1656 [6]
  • Roger Heywood, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [6]
Heywood Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Heywood, who arrived in New York in 1831 [6]
  • Arthur Heywood, aged 50, who arrived in New York in 1854 [6]

Australia Heywood migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Heywood Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Heywood, British convict who was convicted in Lancaster, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 19th November 1827, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • John Heywood, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Henry Heywood, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Susannah" in 1849 [9]
  • Ann J. Heywood, aged 25, a housemaid, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "William Hammond" [10]

New Zealand Heywood migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Heywood Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Edward Howard Heywood, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Tuscan

Contemporary Notables of the name Heywood (post 1700) +

  • Maria E. Heywood, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virgin Islands, 2000, 2004; Member of Democratic National Committee from Virgin Islands, 2004 [11]
  • Harry Heywood, American politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from New York County 19th District, 1934 [11]
  • Ernest Heywood, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maine, 1956 [11]
  • Chester D. Heywood, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1920 [11]
  • Charles D. Heywood, American Republican politician, Mayor of Berkeley, California, 1913-15; Postmaster at Berkeley, California, 1925-33 [11]
  • Albert Heywood, American Democrat politician, Member of Wisconsin Democratic State Central Committee, 1954 [11]
  • A. R. Heywood, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Utah, 1908 (alternate), 1916 [11]
  • Sir Benjamin Heywood (1793-1865), English banker, son of Nathaniel Heywood, banker, born at Manchester on 12 Dec. 1793, and educated at the Glasgow University [12]
  • Jeremy John Heywood GCB, CVO (1961-2018), Baron Heywood of Whitehall, a British politician, Cabinet Secretary (2012-2018), Head of the Home Civil Service (2014-2018)
  • Jack Heywood Aspinwall (1933-2015), British politician, member of the UK Parliament

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Robert Francis Heywood, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Harry Heywood, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1827
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SUSANNAH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Susannah.htm
  10. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 20th January 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Willaim Hammond 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/williamhammond1854.shtml.
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 12) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

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