Hedges History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Hedges is part of the ancient legacy of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a product of when the family lived near a hedge or enclosure. This name belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The surname Hedges was originally derived from the Old English hecg, which meant hedge. [1] [2]

Early Origins of the Hedges family

The surname Hedges was first found in Kent where John de la Hegge was first listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. The same rolls lists Walter de la Hegge in London. [3]

Edith atte Hegge was listed in Somerset, 1 Edward III (during the first year of King Edward III's reign.) [4]

The Assize Rolls of Bedfordshire included Ailmar Hegge in 1227 and a few years later, Robert atte Hegge was listed in the Somerset in the Assize Rolls of 1256. During the reign of King Edward I, Richard de Hegges was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296 and later, Robert del Hegges was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Yorkshire in 1301. [5]

"Hedges is a name that has at present its principal home in Buckinghamshire, though it also occurs in the surrounding counties of Berkshire, Hertfordshire, and Oxfordshire. Last century a family of gentry bearing this name resided at Cublington, in Buckinghamshire, and there were then others of the name in Stewkley and Whitchurch (Lips.). The name still occurs in Stewkley." [6]

Early History of the Hedges family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hedges research. Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1296, 1599, 1629, 1649, 1714, 1632, 1701, 1632, 1632 and 1701 are included under the topic Early Hedges History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hedges Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Hedges has been spelled many different ways, including Hedge, Hedges, Hegges, Hegge and others.

Early Notables of the Hedges family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Robert Hegge (1599-1629) was an English academic and antiquary from Durham; and Sir Charles Hedges (1649-1714), of Compton Bassett, Wiltshire, an English lawyer and politician, judge in Admiralty Court, one of Queen Anne's Secretaries of State. He was great-grandson of John Lacy of Wiltshire and was son of Henry...
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hedges Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hedges family to Ireland

Some of the Hedges family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hedges migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Hedgess to arrive in North America:

Hedges Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Hedges, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [7]
  • Francis Hedges, aged 13, who landed in Bermuda in 1635 [7]
  • Grace, Joseph, Robert, and Sarah Hedges, who settled in Virginia between 1623 and 1654
  • Walter Hedges, who landed in Virginia in 1664 [7]
  • Thomas Hedges, who arrived in Maryland in 1666 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hedges Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Hedges, who arrived in Virginia in 1711 [7]
Hedges Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Hedges, who arrived in New York, NY in 1836 [7]

Australia Hedges migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hedges Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Hedges, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Alfred Hedges, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Phoebe" in 1846 [9]
  • Jeremiah Hedges, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Phoebe" in 1846 [9]

New Zealand Hedges migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hedges Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Hedges, (b. 1839), aged 23, English domestic servant, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • Miss Louisa M. Hedges, (b. 1847), aged 20, British waitress travelling from London aboard the ship "Glenmark" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th November 1867 [11]
  • William Hedges, aged 33, a gardener, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golden Sea" in 1874
  • Eliza Hedges, aged 31, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golden Sea" in 1874
  • Alice M. Hedges, aged 10, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golden Sea" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hedges (post 1700) +

  • Robert Hedges (1869-1932), American baseball executive, owner of the St. Louis Browns (1902 to 1915)
  • Peter Hedges (b. 1962), American novelist, screenwriter, and film director
  • Michael Hedges (1953-1997), American guitarist
  • Jared Hedges (b. 1980), American screenwriter
  • James Hedges (b. 1939), American prohibitionist
  • Fred Paul Hedges (1921-1999), American guitar maker
  • Benjamin Hedges (1907-1969), American Olympic silver medalist who competed at the 1928 Summer Olympics
  • Chuck Hedges, American Jazz Clarinetist who performs in jazz clubs and festivals world wide
  • Chris Hedges (b. 1956), American journalist and author, specializing in American and Middle Eastern politics and society and part of The New York Times team that won the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for the paper's coverage of global terrorism
  • William Hedges (1856-1935), English-born, Australian politician
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHEOBE/PHOEBE 1845. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Phoebe.htm
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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