Haywood History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Haywood comes from when its first bearer worked as a person who was in charge of protecting an enclosed forest from damage by vandals, animals, and poachers. The name was originally derived from the Old English haye, which meant enclosure. [1] Another source notes the name as an occupational name as in " 'the hayward,' a keeper of cattle, literally 'hedge-watcher'". [2]

"The duties of the hayward were of a varied nature. His chief task seems to have been to guard the cattle at pasture; but he also protected the crops from thieves, trimmed the hedges, etc. In old poems he is generally represented as carrying a horn." [3]

And to underscore the Saxon heritage, one learned source bluntly says "there is nothing Norman in this name." [4]

Early Origins of the Haywood family

The surname Haywood was first found in Lancashire at Heywood, a town and chapelry, in the township of Heap, parish and union of Bury, hundred of Salford. "Heywood, in the Saxon, denotes the site of a wood in a field, or a wood surrounded by fields; a family of the same name resided here for many generations. " [5] Heywood Hall was long the residence of the ancestors of the baronet's family. [1]

One source notes "the son of John, the eldest son of William de Wiggenshall, who took the sir-name of Heyward, Hauuard, or Howard; and was the first of this Family of that Sir-name, which, as I take it, he took from the office of Heyward there." [6]

The first record of the family was found in the Domesday Book of 1086 when Hauuart, an early spelling of the family name was listed in Yorkshire. [7]

Years later, Haward de Wihton was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1166 and later again, William, Stephen Haward was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Cheshire in 1332. [7]

As an occupational name, early records were scattered as the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Adam le Hayward in Devon; Roger le Hayward in Buckinghamshire; and Alicia le Heyward in Huntingdonshire.

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Robertus Hayward and Magota Hayward. [2]

Early History of the Haywood family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Haywood research. Another 138 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1497, 1580, 1570, 1641, 1497, 1580, 1570, 1641, 1630, 1702, 1693, 1756, 1746, 1809 and 1776 are included under the topic Early Haywood History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Haywood Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Haywood include Hayward, Heyward, Haward, Haywood, Heywood and others.

Early Notables of the Haywood family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir John Hayward, a noted Elizabethan historian; John Heywood (1497?-1580), an English poet, friend of Sir Thomas More, and a court musician and entertainer for Henry VII, Edward VI, and Queen Mary; Thomas Heywood (c.1570-1641), an English dramatist best known for "A Woman Killed with Kindness" and others; Oliver...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Haywood Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Haywood Ranking

In the United States, the name Haywood is the 1,532nd most popular surname with an estimated 19,896 people with that name. [8] However, in the United Kingdom, the name Haywood is ranked the 779th most popular surname with an estimated 8,689 people with that name. [9]


United States Haywood migration to the United States +

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Haywood or a variant listed above:

Haywood Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Haywood, who landed in Virginia in 1638 [10]
  • Susan Haywood, who arrived in Maryland in 1665 [10]
  • Thomas Haywood, who landed in Maryland in 1665 [10]
  • Raphael Haywood, who arrived in Maryland in 1666 [10]
  • Thomas Haywood, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1682
Haywood Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Ralph Haywood, who landed in Virginia in 1723 [10]
Haywood Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Benjamin Haywood, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [10]
  • Miss L A Haywood, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [10]
  • J Haywood, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855 [10]
  • James Haywood, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1866 [10]
  • John Haywood, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1867 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Haywood migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Haywood Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Haywood, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749

Australia Haywood migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Haywood Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Haywood, British convict who was convicted in Sussex, England for life, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Mr. William Haywood, English convict who was convicted in Buckinghamshire, England for 14 years , transported aboard the "Duke of Portland" in January 1807, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [12]
  • Mr. Daniel Haywood, (Laywood), British Convict who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the " Dunvegan Castle" on 13th March 1830, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [13]
  • Mr. Joseph Haywood, English convict who was convicted in West Riding, Yorkshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Grey" on 27th July 1838, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [14]
  • Thomas Haywood, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Haywood migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Haywood Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Haywood, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "William Stoveld" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th November 1843 [16]
  • Mr. Neame Haywood, (b. 1823), aged 35, British mariner travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [17]
  • Mrs. Susan Haywood, (b. 1828), aged 30, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [17]
  • Mr. Harry Haywood, (b. 1845), aged 13, British boatman travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [17]
  • Mr. Thomas Haywood, (b. 1852), aged 6, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [17]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Haywood migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [18]
Haywood Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • John Haywood, who settled in Barbados in 1680 with his wife, children, and servants

Contemporary Notables of the name Haywood (post 1700) +

  • Bruce Haywood (1925-2020), English-born American academic
  • Otha Leon Haywood (1942-2016), American funk and soul singer, songwriter and record producer
  • David Wesley "Dave" Haywood (b. 1982), American country music singer
  • Spencer Haywood (b. 1949), retired American professional NBA basketball player
  • William Dudley "Big Bill" Haywood (1869-1928), American founding member and leader of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
  • Hurley Haywood (b. 1948), American race-car driver
  • William Henry Haywood Jr. (1801-1852), U.S. Senator
  • Gerry Haywood (1946-2016), English professional darts player
  • Chris Haywood (b. 1948), English-born, Australian three-time AFI Award winning film and television actor/producer
  • George Haywood (1906-1974), English professional footballer
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. George James Haywood (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman 2nd Class from Sandy Bay, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [19]


Suggested Readings for the name Haywood +

  • A Search for Haigwood-Hagwood-Haygood-et cetera (also Hayward) by John E. Haigwood.
  • Reminiscences and memoirs of North Carolina and Eminent North Carolinians: An Extract: Genealogy of the Blount, Haywood and Phifer Families by John H. Wheeler.

  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  4. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 3 of 3
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
  7. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  8. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  9. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  10. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/duke-of-portland
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dunvegan-castle
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-grey
  15. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  16. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  17. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  18. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  19. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp


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