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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: French, Scottish


In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Hay, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. The ancestors of the Hay family lived in ancient chronicles where the tradition relating this distinguished Pictish family of Hay begins during an attack by the Danes in the reign of Kenneth III of Scotland in 980. The defeated Scottish army retired through a narrow pass near Lochnarty in Perthshire which was later defended by a local farmer and his two sons. Upbraiding the retiring Scottish army, the farmer rallied the retreating Scottish and eventually defeated the Danes. They took the yokes from the oxen with which they were ploughing, and so belaboured the invaders as to drive them from the field, amidst shouts of Hay! Hay! The King rewarded the family with many grants of land including the Carse of Gowrie on the River Tay, traditionally marked by the limit of a falcon's flight, six miles in length. There is a monument still extant called the Falcon's Stone marking the falcon's place of rest. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
The king also assigned three shields or escutcheons for the arms of the family, to intimate that the father and his two sons had been the three fortunate shields of Scotland.

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The surname Hay was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland, but looking further back we find Hay family of Normandy was of considerable rank and importance in the year 823 AD. Significantly, the family held a Coat of Arms from ancient times that consisted of three red shields on a silver background. They also held many baronies, including the Castle and Barony of La Hai-du-puits in Coutances from whence the Sire-de-la-haie came. He accompanied Duke William of Normandy in his conquest of England and was granted vast estates in Sussex, Essex and Suffolk, as recorded in the Domesday Book. He died in 1098, his daughter marrying her cousin Robert de la Haie, Count of Mortain. William de Haya, who first settled in Scotland was probably Robert's son, and he witnessed charters by King Malcolm IV in 1160 AD. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)

Although Medieval Scotland lacked a basic set of spelling rules, which meant that scribes recorded names according to their sounds it was not uncommon for the names of a father and son to be recorded differently. As a result, there are many spelling variations of Scottish single names. Hay has been written Hay, Haye, Haya, Mac Garaidh (Gaelic) and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hay research. Another 501 words (36 lines of text) covering the years 1255, 1258, 1333, 1309, 1403, 1342, 1406, 1450, 1508, 1572, 1634, 1599, 1660, 1625, 1697, 1645, 1713, 1668, 1706, 1704 and are included under the topic Early Hay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Sir Gilbert de la Haye (d. 1333), Lord High Constable of Scotland from 1309; Gilbert Hay (c.1403), Scottish poet and translator, author of "The Buik of King Alexander the Conquerour" and other works; Sir Thomas de la Hay ( c. 1342-1406), Lord High Constable...

Another 90 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Hay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 107 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Thousands of Scots left their home country to travel to Ireland or Australia, or to cross the Atlantic for the North American colonies. The difficult crossing was an enormous hurdle, but those who survived found freedom and opportunity in ample measure. Some Scots even fought for their freedom in the American War of Independence. This century, their ancestors have become aware of the illustrious history of the Scots in North America and at home through Clan societies and other organizations. Passenger and immigration lists show many early and influential immigrants bearing the name Hay:

Hay Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Daniel Hay who settled in Maine in 1606
  • Arthur Hay, who arrived in Maryland in 1641
  • Elizabeth Hay settled in Virginia in 1654
  • Arthur Hay settled in Virginia in 1663
  • Thomas Hay, who landed in Maryland in 1664
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Hay Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Isaac Hay, who landed in Virginia in 1700
  • Eliz Hay, who landed in Virginia in 1705
  • Judah Hay, who landed in New York, NY in 1740
  • Rebecca Hay, who landed in Augusta County, Va in 1740
  • Robert Hay, who arrived in Augusta County, Va in 1740
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Hay Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Sampson Hay, who arrived in America in 1806
  • Lionel Hay, aged 43, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Valentine Hay, who landed in Sometset County, Pennsylvania in 1833
  • Jacob Hay, aged 24, arrived in Missouri in 1840
  • Archibard Hamilton Hay, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1842
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Hay Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Alexander Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Hay, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Charles Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Akar Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
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Hay Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Hay, aged 32, a labourer, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Hay, aged 50, a farmer, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • Ann Hay, aged 43, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • Jean Hay, aged 17, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Hay, aged 15, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
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Hay Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • William Hay, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Margaret Hay arrived in Port Misery aboard the ship "Duchess of Northumberland" in 1839
  • Mary Hay arrived in Port Misery aboard the ship "Duchess of Northumberland" in 1839
  • Alexander Hay arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Planter" in 1839
  • W Hay landed in Sydney, Australia in 1839
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Hay Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Ebenezer Hay landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • Capt William Hay landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Nimrod
  • W Hay landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant"
  • William Hay landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
  • Ebenezer Hay, aged 26, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
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  • John Milton Hay (1838-1905), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1893-98; U.S. Secretary of State, 1898-1905
  • Mrs. Abe J. Hay, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for California, 1956
  • Adelbert Stone Hay (1876-1901), American politician, U.S. Consul in Pretoria, 1901
  • Alexander Hay (1806-1882), American politician, Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1842-45
  • Alexander Hay, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 7th District, 1873-75
  • Andrew Kessler Hay (1809-1881), American politician, Representative from New Jersey 1st District, 1849-51; President, Camden and Atlantic Railroad, 1872-76
  • Arthur Hay (b. 1859), American politician, Prohibition Candidate for Presidential Elector for New York, 1900, 1920; Candidate for New York State Assembly from Madison County, 1901
  • Arthur D. Hay (d. 1952), American politician, Justice of Oregon State Supreme Court, 1942-52
  • Betty Jo Hay, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1980
  • Charles M. Hay, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Senator from Missouri, 1928
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Hay Historic Events



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Matthew Hay, British Midshipman Paymaster, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Ian Hay, British Gunner, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Serva jugum
Motto Translation: Keep the yoke.

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Hay Clan Badge
Hay Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Hay
Arral, Arrale, Arrall, Arrel, Arrell, Arril, Arrile, Arrill, Arrol, Arroll, Arryle, Constable, Constables, Constapil, Constaple, Constapple, Cunstable, Cunstapil, Cunstaple, Cunstapple, Erral, Errale, Errall, Errel, Errell, Erril, Errile, Errill, Errol, Erroll, Erryle, Geffard, Geffarde, Geffart, Geffarte, Geffeard, Geffearde, Geffeart, Gefferd, Geffert, Gefford, Gifard, Gifarde, Gifart, Gifarte, Gifeard, Gifearde, Gifeart, Giferd, Gifert and more.

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Most Popular Family Crest Products
 
Hay Armorial History With Coat of ArmsHay Armorial History With Coat of Arms
Hay Coat of Arms & Surname History PackageHay Coat of Arms & Surname History Package
Hay Family Crest Image (jpg) Heritage SeriesHay Family Crest Image (jpg) Heritage Series
Hay Coat of Arms/Family Crest Key-chainHay Coat of Arms/Family Crest Key-chain
Hay Coat of Arms/Family Crest Coffee MugHay Coat of Arms/Family Crest Coffee Mug
Hay Armorial History with FrameHay Armorial History with Frame
Hay Framed Surname History and Coat of ArmsHay Framed Surname History and Coat of Arms

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Citations



  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)

Other References

  1. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  2. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  4. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  7. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  8. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  9. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  10. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  11. ...

The Hay Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hay Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 July 2016 at 17:38.

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