Hay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Hay, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. The ancestors of the Hay family lived in ancient chronicles where the tradition relating this distinguished Pictish family of Hay begins during an attack by the Danes in the reign of Kenneth III of Scotland in 980. The defeated Scottish army retired through a narrow pass near Lochnarty in Perthshire which was later defended by a local farmer and his two sons. Upbraiding the retiring Scottish army, the farmer rallied the retreating Scottish and eventually defeated the Danes. They took the yokes from the oxen with which they were ploughing, and so belaboured the invaders as to drive them from the field, amidst shouts of Hay! Hay! The King rewarded the family with many grants of land including the Carse of Gowrie on the River Tay, traditionally marked by the limit of a falcon's flight, six miles in length. There is a monument still extant called the Falcon's Stone marking the falcon's place of rest. [1] The king also assigned three shields or escutcheons for the arms of the family, to intimate that the father and his two sons had been the three fortunate shields of Scotland.

Early Origins of the Hay family

The surname Hay was first found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland, but looking further back we find Hay family of Normandy was of considerable rank and importance in the year 823 AD. Significantly, the family held a Coat of Arms from ancient times that consisted of three red shields on a silver background. They also held many baronies, including the Castle and Barony of La Hai-du-puits in Coutances from whence the Sire-de-la-haie came. He accompanied Duke William of Normandy in his conquest of England and was granted vast estates in Sussex, Essex and Suffolk, as recorded in the Domesday Book. He died in 1098, his daughter marrying her cousin Robert de la Haie, Count of Mortain. William de Haya, who first settled in Scotland was probably Robert's son, and he witnessed charters by King Malcolm IV in 1160 AD. [2]

Important Dates for the Hay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hay research. Another 250 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1255, 1258, 1333, 1309, 1403, 1342, 1406, 1450, 1508, 1572, 1634, 1599, 1660, 1625, 1697, 1645, 1713, 1668, 1706, 1704 and are included under the topic Early Hay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hay Spelling Variations

Although Medieval Scotland lacked a basic set of spelling rules, which meant that scribes recorded names according to their sounds it was not uncommon for the names of a father and son to be recorded differently. As a result, there are many spelling variations of Scottish single names. Hay has been written Hay, Haye, Haya, Mac Garaidh (Gaelic) and others.

Early Notables of the Hay family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Sir Gilbert de la Haye (d. 1333), Lord High Constable of Scotland from 1309; Gilbert Hay (c.1403), Scottish poet and translator, author of "The Buik of King Alexander the Conquerour" and other works; Sir Thomas de la Hay (c. 1342-1406), Lord High Constable of Scotland, third member of the Hay family to hold this post, his predecessor was David Hay; John Hay, 1st...
Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Hay family to Ireland

Some of the Hay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hay migration to the United States

Thousands of Scots left their home country to travel to Ireland or Australia, or to cross the Atlantic for the North American colonies. The difficult crossing was an enormous hurdle, but those who survived found freedom and opportunity in ample measure. Some Scots even fought for their freedom in the American War of Independence. This century, their ancestors have become aware of the illustrious history of the Scots in North America and at home through Clan societies and other organizations. Passenger and immigration lists show many early and influential immigrants bearing the name Hay:

Hay Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Daniel Hay who settled in Maine in 1606
  • Arthur Hay, who arrived in Maryland in 1641 [3]
  • Elizabeth Hay, who settled in Virginia in 1654
  • Arthur Hay, who settled in Virginia in 1663
  • Thomas Hay, who landed in Maryland in 1664 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hay Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Isaac Hay, who landed in Virginia in 1700 [3]
  • Eliz Hay, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [3]
  • Judah Hay, who landed in New York, NY in 1740 [3]
  • Rebecca Hay, who landed in Augusta County, Va in 1740 [3]
  • Robert Hay, who arrived in Augusta County, Va in 1740 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hay Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Sampson Hay, who arrived in America in 1806 [3]
  • Lionel Hay, aged 43, who arrived in New York in 1812 [3]
  • Valentine Hay, who landed in Sometset County, Pennsylvania in 1833 [3]
  • Jacob Hay, aged 24, who arrived in Missouri in 1840 [3]
  • Archibard Hamilton Hay, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1842 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hay migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hay Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Pierre Hay, son of Gabriel and Catherine, married Geneviève Benoit, daughter of Paul and Isabelle-Élisabeth, in Boucherville, Quebec on 21st January 1689 [4]
  • Pierre Hay, son of Gabriel and Catherine, married Catherine Campeau, daughter of Etienne and Catherine, in Montreal, Quebec on 10th December 1696 [4]
Hay Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Pierre Hay, son of Pierre and Catherine, married Marie-Françoise Robreau, daughter of Pierre and Jeanne, in Montreal, Quebec on 24th April 1743 [4]
  • Alexander Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Hay, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Charles Hay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hay Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Hay, aged 32, a labourer, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Hay, aged 50, a farmer, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • Ann Hay, aged 43, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • Jean Hay, aged 17, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Hay, aged 15, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hay migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hay Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Hay, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Margaret Hay, who arrived in Port Misery aboard the ship "Duchess of Northumberland" in 1839 [6]
  • Mary Hay, who arrived in Port Misery aboard the ship "Duchess of Northumberland" in 1839 [6]
  • Alexander Hay, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Planter" in 1839 [7]
  • W Hay, who landed in Sydney, Australia in 1839
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hay migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hay Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Ebenezer Hay, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • Capt William Hay, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Nimrod
  • W Hay, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant"
  • William Hay, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
  • Ebenezer Hay, aged 26, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hay (post 1700)

  • Kenneth Edward Hay (1933-2019), American founder of The Wilds, a Christian fundamentalist camp and conference center
  • Louise Lynn Hay (1926-2017), born Helen Vera Lunney, an American motivational author and the founder of Hay House
  • William E. Hay, American politician, Mayor of District Heights, Maryland, 1983-85 [8]
  • William B. Hay, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Ohio 2nd District, 1912 [8]
  • William Hay, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania, 1876; Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania, 1876 [8]
  • William Hay Jr., American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Warren County, 1827 [8]
  • Walter G. Hay, American Republican politician, Candidate for Mayor of Portland, Maine, 1912 [8]
  • Thomas B. Hay, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Idaho, 1928 [8]
  • Thomas A. H. Hay, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1912 [8]
  • Stephen John Hay (1864-1916), American Democrat politician, Mayor of Dallas, Texas, 1907-11 [8]
  • ... (Another 76 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Hay family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Matthew Hay, British Midshipman Paymaster, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Ian Hay, British Gunner, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [10]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 1, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THE DUCHESS OF NORTHUMBERLAND - 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839DuchessOfNorthumberland.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PLANTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Planter.htm
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  10. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
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