Hawley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Hawley reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Hawley family lived in Hawley, Somerset. The most probable derivation of this name suggests that it comes from the Old Norman word haugr, which means mound, and the Old English leah, which means clearing. Another derivation supported by some examples suggests that the name indicates tat the name is an Anglicized version of the place-name La Haule-De-Bec in Greteuil, Normandy. [1]

Early Origins of the Hawley family

The surname Hawley was first found in Yorkshire where Robert de Hallai was listed in 1166. John Hally was found in the Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire in 1230. [2]

It is from this latter entry that the famed astronomer Edmund Halley (1656-1742) hailed. While he was born in London, his rich father was "a member of a good Derbyshire family, had a soap-boiling establishment in Winchester Street in the city of London." [3]

Turning the clock back again, we found the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had the following entries for the family: William de Hallee, Gloucestershire; John de Hally, Derbyshire; William de Hally, Derbyshire; and John Hally, Derbyshire. [4]

Indeed, " Derbyshire seems to be the home of the Halleys. " [4]

The same source claims the "Haleys of Yorkshire are a different stock, but I cannot identify the locality whence they are sprung." [4]

And he goes on to note that Petrus Haley, Oxfordshire was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 and that Johannes de Haylay and Willelmus Havlay were listed i the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. [4]

In our opinion, making such a distinction of names that phonetically sound the same but have small spelling differences is often incongruent. Moreover, none of the other sources make this claim.

Further to the north in Scotland, the records of the family are late. "William Hally in Perth, 1666, John Hally, portioner of Balbrogo, 1700. Seventeen persons of this name are recorded in the Dunblane Commissariot Record from 1602. " [5]

But this same authority postulates that the name may also be "from Hailey in Deerness, Orkney. Thomas Halle, tacksman there, 1509." [5]

Early History of the Hawley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawley research. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1340, 1350, 1408, 1374, 1401, 1390, 1393, 1394, 1402, 1404, 1603, 1690, 1629, 1650, 1645, 1716, 1695, 1702, 1646, 1644, 1684, 1673, 1743, 1772, 1719, 1790, 1790, 1656, 1742, 1656 and 1705 are included under the topic Early Hawley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hawley Spelling Variations

Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Hawley family name include Hawley, Hawly and others.

Early Notables of the Hawley family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Hawley (Hauley) (c.1340 or 1350-1408), Mayor of Dartmouth on fourteen occasions between 1374 and 1401 and elected MP for Dartmouth in 1390, 1393, 1394, and 1402, both a merchant and licensed privateer, conducted a number of naval operations in the English Channel and briefly held the post of deputy to the Admiral of England under Henry IV, organized the defense of Dartmouth in 1404 against an attack by a Breton fleet, which culminated in the battle of Blackpool Sands; Joseph Hawley (1603-1690), born in Parwich, Derbyshire, first settler of the surname in...
Another 165 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hawley migration to the United States +

To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Hawley family to immigrate North America:

Hawley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Mathew Hawley, who settled in Hingham Massachusetts in 1630
  • Jerome Hawley, who arrived in Maryland in 1633 [6]
  • Gerome Hawley, who settled in Maryland in 1634
  • Robert Hawley, who arrived in Maryland in 1648 [6]
  • Jeremiah Hawley, who landed in Maryland or Virginia in 1651 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hawley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Hawley, who landed in America in 1765 [6]
Hawley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Henry Hawley, who arrived in New York in 1839 [6]
  • Samuel Hawley, aged 36, who landed in Missouri in 1840 [6]
  • Jared Hawley, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • John Hawley, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]

Canada Hawley migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hawley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Jehiel Hawley U.E., "Jeheil" (b. 1712) from Arlington, Bennington County, Vermont, USA who died in 1777 on his way to Bath, Ontario c. 1777 married twice having 10 children [7]
  • Mr. John Hawley U.E. (b. 1739) born in North Salem, Westchester County, New York he died before arriving to Canada c. 1783 in New York, married to Abigail Sanford they had 8 children [7]
  • Mr. Martin Hawley U.E. (b. 1764) born in New Milford, Connecticut, USA who settled in Ernest Town [Ernestown], Lennox & Addington, Ontario c. 1784 son of Jeptha Hawley he died in 1844, married to Amy Rogers they had 13 children [7]
  • Mr. Matthew Hawley U.E. from Woodbury, Connecticut, USA who settled in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia c. 1784 then Mabou, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia arriving aboard the ship "Argo" [7]
  • Mr. Matthew Hawley Sr., U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hawley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Philo Hawley, who landed in Canada in 1830
  • Jesse B Hawley, who landed in Canada in 1834

Australia Hawley migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hawley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Hawley, English convict from Nottingham, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • William Hawley, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [9]
  • Francis Hawley, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Stebonheath" in 1850 [10]
  • James Hawley, aged 23, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Emigrant" [11]
  • Martin Hawley, aged 22, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Emigrant" [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Hawley migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hawley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Agnes Hawley, Scottish settler travelling from Leith aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 8th January 1858 [12]
  • Mr. Philip Hawley, (b. 1857), aged 21, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Western Monarch" arriving in New Zealand in 1879 [12]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hawley (post 1700) +

  • Desmond Sanford "Sandy" Hawley CM (b. 1949), Canadian jockey with 6,450 career wins, the first jockey to be voted Canada's Athlete of the Year, inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame and the United States National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1992 [13]
  • Michael Jerome Hawley (1961-2020), American academic and artist working in the field of digital media
  • Elizabeth Hawley (1923-2018), American former journalist and chronicler of Himalayan expeditions
  • Robert Hawley (1729-1799), from Trumbull, Connecticut, American captain and privateer during American Revolutionary War
  • James H. Hawley (1847-1929), American politician, Governor of Idaho
  • Jack Hawley (1920-1999), American politician
  • Gideon Hawley (1727-1807), American missionary to the Iroquois Indians
  • Dwight Spencer Hawley (1896-1981), American politician, Member of the Washington House of Representatives for the 44th district (1950-1971)
  • Colin Hawley (b. 1987), American rugby union wing for the United States National Team (2010-2013)
  • David Hawley (1741-1807), American captain in the Continental Navy and a privateer during the American Revolutionary War
  • ... (Another 33 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


Suggested Readings for the name Hawley +

  • 1688 A History of the Robinson and Hawley Families, Including Findings on the Morris, Putnam, Cary and Plummer Families by Duane Robinson, Smith Hawley and His Descendants by Marilyn Hawley Symonds.

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PRINCESS ROYAL 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848PrincessRoyal.htm
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The STEBONHEATH 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Stebonheath.htm
  11. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 25th October 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/emigrant1854.shtml.
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ Sanford Hawley. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Sanford Hawley. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandy_Hawley


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